Individual Training in Our Colleges

By Clarence F. Birdseye | Go to book overview
Save to active project

CHAPTER XXIII PRESENT COLLEGE CONDITIONS AS TO COLLEGE AND INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHELETICS

IN nothing else is the difference between the old and the new college more marked than in regard to athletics. Prior to 1860 the physical condition of the average student was lamentably bad. He studied hard, took little physical exercise, and his health was often undermined or ruined by attempting to board himself while working his way through college. Many came from the farm or outdoor work, and this enabled them to endure what the present student could not. Hygiene was practically unknown, as was the idea that the college student should be trained physically as well as mentally. The general question of physical exercise was not understood. After 1817 or 1818 they had good physical training at West Point and later at a few military schools. A marked general interest in such training arose about 1825, but soon died out and did not revive for thirty-five years.

Early conditions as to physical exercise.

In 1860 Harvard, Yale and Amherst erected new and, for those times, fine gymnasiums. Their use at Harvard and Yale was purely voluntary, and hence comparatively slight for many years. At Amherst the use of the gymnasium was compulsory for all the students, throughout all their course, for forty minutes four times a week, but discipline at "Gym" was not very rigid and the students enjoyed the work.

Early gymnasiums.

Compulsory athletics at Amherst. Much credit is due to Rev. William A. Stearns, who became president in 1854. He found the general physical condition of the students poor, and determined to improve it as a part of their college education and to graduate each individual with perfect health if possible. Four times a week each class must assemble and take some exercise together, and might take a good deal as individuals. The calisthenic exercises were helpful and pleasing, set to music and usually well done. That of the class of 1874

-141-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Individual Training in Our Colleges
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 442

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?