By CAROL ARONOVICI
"A city should he built so as to give its people security and happiness."--Aristotle
There are no rules of civic art, only situations and standards of beauty. I shall, therefore, not attempt in this discussion to deal with the various formulae which have been developed in the course of human civilization which, presumably, when applied skillfully and faithfully would produce civic art. The fact is that these rules and formulae were derived from beauty already created rather than as means and tools for the creation of art whether in architecture, painting, sculpture or civic expression. Or as Remy de Gourmont puts it: "Art is more than esthetics and precedes it."
The cult of the primitive which shows its effects upon our sculpture, our music, our painting is not a symptom of greater serenity, but a swaying of the emotional response from the rational to a high emotionalism which is the reaction from the material and mechanistic relations to life. The rules and methods of yesterday have failed to keep pace and adjust themselves to the unsatisfying realities of a world of reason and have produced revolutionary, or shall we say devolutionary, changes in our concept of creative art and our methods of expressing it. But while these changes have taken place in the realm of the arts, civic arts, less sensitive to