Greek Oratory: Tradition and Originality

By Stephen A. Usher | Go to book overview

APPENDIX A
THE TETRALOGIES: DATE AND AUTHORSHIP

The second of these subjects is of less concern than the first for present purposes. My inclination is to accept Antiphontean authorship, for which I shall argue briefly after dealing with the main question. The three Tetralogies contain a single1 possible reference to their time of composition. That reference is in Tetr. 1. 2. 12, where the defendant represents himself as πολλὰς καὶ μεγάλας εἰσφορὰς εἰσφέροντα. Now Thucydides ( 3. 19. 1) appears to assign the first eisphora ('war-tax') to the year 428 BC. The text reads: . Gomme ad loc. ( HCT ii. 278-9), while noting the natural sense of these words, suggests that the more difficult sense of 'for the first time in this war' accords better with the epigraphical evidence. This is presented and discussed by Meiggs and Lewis GHI 156-8, 161. The inscription describes financial decrees moved by Callias, dated, 'by common consensus' ( GHI156) to 434/3, and specifies a requirement of a special sanction by the Assembly for drawing money above the sum of 10,000 drachmae from Athena's treasury. It goes on (156 11. 15-17) to forbid the use of this money . . .

. The people are to have a power to authorize and control expenditure analogous to their power to raise taxes, and this analogy is pursued further in the next few lines. But its illustrative effectiveness depends on a general understanding of an established tax.2 Returning to Antiphon's imaginary defendant, and to his claim (above) to be a payer of 'many great eisphorai', his multiple claim must be seen as adding a rhetorical flourish to a touch of realism rather than indicating a later date for the speech. Indeed, it could even be argued that its effect would have been the more vividly hyperbolic soon after the first imposition of the tax. Hence the earliest terminus post quem of 434/3 (earlier if the tentative suggestion of Meiggs and

____________________
1
The resemblance of Tetr. 2 to a case discussed by Pericles and Protagoras (Plut. Per. 36. 3) has been used to argue for a date in the late 440s or early 430s (e.g. by G. Kennedy, The Art of Persuasion in Greece ( Princeton and London, 1963), 130-1). But the perennial interest of the question for the application of the laws of homicide could cause it to be raised at any time.
2
Meiggs and Lewis GHI 161: 'There may be a reference to εἰσϕορά in a decree concerning Hestiaea, c.445-435 ( IG i2 .42. 22f.)'.

-355-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Greek Oratory: Tradition and Originality
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Preface vii
  • Contents ix
  • List of Abbreviations x
  • I - The Early Rhetorical Tradition 1
  • 2 - Antiphon 27
  • Antiphon: Summary 40
  • 3 - Andocides 42
  • Andocides: Summary 52
  • 4 - Lysias 54
  • Isocrates Logographos 118
  • 5 - Isaeus 127
  • Isaeus: Summary 169
  • 6 - Demosthenes Logographos (part I) 171
  • 7 - Demosthenes Logographos (part Ii) 244
  • Demosthenes: Summary 277
  • 8 - Aeschines 279
  • Aeschines: Summary 294
  • 9 - Isocrates Sophistes 296
  • 10 - Lycurgus 324
  • Hyperides 328
  • II - Ceremonial Oratory 349
  • 12 - Conclusion 353
  • Appendix A the Tetralogies: Date and Authorship 355
  • Appendix B 360
  • Select Bibliography 369
  • Index of Speeches 377
  • General Index 379
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 390

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.