in his Havana address that "these forces shrink from no means of attacking their ends" might have seemed to his Spanish speaking auditors equally well-directed against the English speaking people who seem to have gotten ahead a bit. To a Peruvian it might seem even more aggressive.
(14)
The Latin American is more of a realist than North Americans generally realize. "Living precariously off raw-material exports, the Latin has always had --and for years to come must continue to have--a poor man's stake in the freedom of the seas. Whoever rules the trade routes can overnight become his economic overlord." ( Fortune, Sept. 1940, p 75)

"It will be remembered that Germany made numerous contracts for delivery of goods in South America this Fall. British exporters are reported as somewhat amused over the German failure to fill orders. Germany has made deliveries . . . with American goods. Germans have for years been the distributing agents for a number of American producers. They simply made their American orders large enough to cover the German contracts. Additionally, it appears that the penalties incurred were largely in name only. The damages are paid in marks, and in marks that are only good for purchases inside Germany. So, they are merely book credits the value of which is extremely problematic." ( Whaley-Eaton Service, Oct. 29, 1940)

Lionel Portman in "Three Asses in Bolivia" ( Houghton Mifflin, 1922) tells of a trip with two English mining engineers to Bolivia, of the wealth of metals, tin, silver, gold, lead, wolfram, antimony and bismuth. Since the days of the Incas, fabulous wealth has come from these veins and is still coming. "The huge mines now existing are but a fraction of what might exist. Only capital and spirit are needed to multiply them. The pity is that this capital and this spirit come as a rule from America and Chile rather than from England. Very little has ever been done by our people to acquire and develop Bolivian mining property, and still less in proportion is being done today. Ignorance of the country and lack of confidence in it are the rule rather than the exception with us; and by degrees all the wealth that might be ours is slipping away to people of other races."

(15)
Others have seen the possibility of a South American 'incident'. "If you fight Hitler at all it will be in Latin America", Dr. Enrique de Lozada, former secretary of the Bolivian delegation at Washington, was reported as saying, Boston Transcript, July 23, 1940.
(16)
Father Divine, "Peace, it's Wonderful", buys adjoining real estate and cuddles up to good neighbors. His plan works. Why not in South America? He suggests "that the United States purchase Central and South America and make all the Americas one democracy." ( AP, Dec. 11, 1940)

CONSCRIPTION IS OPPOSED

Newspaper headlines have promoted the belief that it was all over, that the conscription bill had "passed" (Boston Herald), perhaps mean-

-396-

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