last resort for its current members, not a new security umbrella for the
former Warsaw Pact countries.
Consequently, the EU should gradually develop its international role
to cope with global challenges. This means that the EU should also
have a more independent voice in hard-core security matters besides the
Euro-Atlantic partnership through NATO. The Union should develop its
role from a civilian power to a major political power which executes its
military needs through IFOR-type arrangements.
Smart Cotbridge, "Maximizing Entropy? New Geopolitical Orders and the
Internationalizing of Business", in
George J. Demko and
William B. Wood
(eds.), Reordering the World: Geopolitical Perspectives on the 21st Century
( Boulder, CO: Westview Press), 1994, p. 297; Kegley & Raymond, A Multipolar Peace?; Samuel Huntington, "The Clash of Civilizations", Moscow News, February 3-9, 1995; Edward Said, The World The Text, and the Critic ( London: Vintage), 1971, p. 171.
See Saul B. Cohen, "Geopolitics in the New World Era: A New Perspective on an Old Discipline", in
Wood (eds.), Reordering the World,
Huntington, "Clash of Civilizations."
The problem of power and culture has been thoroughly discussed in Wilfried L. Amaturo
, "Literature and International Relations: The Question of Culture in the Production of International Power", Millenius, Number 1, 1995, pp. 1-25. See also Michael Lind, "Pax Atlantica: The Case for Euramerica", World
Policy Journal, Vol. 13, No. 1, 1996, pp. 1-7.
See Stephen Hobden, "Geopolitical Space or Civilization? The International System in the Work of Michael Mann", International Relations, Number 6, December 1995, pp. 77-102.
Joseph S. Nye Jr., and
Wiliam A. Owens, "America's Information Age", Foreign Affairs, March/ April 1996, pp. 20-36. Nye defines "soft power" in his Bound to Lead as that which can rest on the appeal of one's ideas or the ability
to set the agenda in ways that shape the preferences of others. This can also be
described in terms of old-fashioned "ideological warfare" with liberal, not coercive, means.
See Luttwak, From Geopolitics to Geoeconomics," pp. 17-24.
For a discussion of constructivism as one of the theoretical tools in analyzing post-Cold War international relations, see Chapter 7 in this book, which
draws heavily from Wendt, "Anarchy is What States Make of It:
The Social Construction of Power Politics", International Relations, Spring 1992, pp. 391-426, and Collective Identity Formation and the InternationalStates
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Dangerous Peace:New Rivalry in World Politics.
Contributors: Alpo M. Rusi - Author.
Publisher: Westview Press.
Place of publication: Boulder, CO.
Publication year: 1997.
Page number: 90.
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