GUIDE TO POLISH PRONOUNCIATIONPREPARED BY THE AUTHORIn Polish the accent falls as a rule on the penultimate syllable except in some words of
foreign origin [matemátyka, fizyka] and in certain composed words.
|a as in father, arm: Asnyk, Anhelli.|
|o as in horse, lord: Opaliński, Orkan.|
|u as in true: Kubala, Ulana.|
|ó equals u: Gomółka -- Gomullka, Górnicki -- Gurnitske.|
|e as in met, end: Berent, Fredro, Zemsta.|
|i like e in eve, be: Kiliński -- Kelenske, Lipiński -- Lepenske.|
|y similar to English i in it or y in copy: Dygasiński, Irydion.|
|ą similar to French om, on in comte, mon in some positions [Oda do wąsów]; in
others like Polish groups om, on: Dąbrowska -- Dombrofska, Trąba -- Tromba,
Kołłtaj -- Kollontay.|
|ę similar to French im, in [impossible, interdit], but replaced in the same conditions as ą by the Polish groups em, en: Swiętochowski -- Svientohofske,
Porębowicz -- Porembovetsch.|
|c like ts or tz: Bohomolec -- Bohomolets, Pac -- Pats.|
|d as in English except at the end of a word and before voiceless consonants:
Norwid -- Norvit, Chodkiewicz -- Hotkievitsch.|
|g as in gallant, gun except at the end: Strug -- Struk, Ostroróg -- Ostroruk.|
|j like y in yard, yellow: Janicki -- Yanetske, Jadwiga -- Yadvega.|
|l soft 1 like the French le, la,|
|ł hard 1 [ll] like in will or pronounced like a labial u similar to the English w
before vowels: Stanisław -- Stanesllaf or Staneswaf, Łaski -- LLaske or Waske.|
|w like the English or French v, except at the end: Bolesław -- Boleswaf and
before voiceless consonants: Twardowski -- Tvardofske.|
|ć a soft c near to the English ch in much, but considerably softer; marked by an
accent ['] or by an i before vowels: Rodoć, Cieszkowski [Ceshkofske]|
|cz nearest to German tsch [Nietzsche]: Czartoryski -- Tschartoryske, Karłowicz Karllovetsch.|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: A Survey of Polish Literature and Culture.
Contributors: Manfred Kridl - Author, Olga Scherer-Virski - Translator.
Publisher: Columbia University Press.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1956.
Page number: vii.
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