Motivation: Theory and Research

By Harold F. O'Neil Jr.; Michael Drillings | Go to book overview
Save to active project

Preface

The U.S. military is a major funder of basic research in the United States in the social and behavioral sciences. In the 1980s, military-funded basic research was marked by a reduced interest in the areas of organizational and individual variables that are commonly associated with motivational concepts. Even leadership, a traditional military interest, was studied mostly from the point of view of the leader, rather than from that of the individual soldier. Military research, instead, focused to a large extent on ideas emerging from cognitive psychology and computer science. Thus, research focused on the cognitive aspects of human functioning and not on motivational aspects.

In the early nineties, however, it became apparent that the military services' capabilities to draw large numbers of high quality, career-oriented recruits might not be able to be sustained in the future. Further observations during the U.S./ Allies vs. Iraq conflict in the Middle East (Operation Desert Storm/Desert Shield) appeared to indicate that maintaining soldier motivation was critical to the success of a wide range of responsibilities in a large scale military operation, particularly one whose start was drawn out over several months. Applied research being conducted in environments that realistically simulate combat (e.g., the Army's National Training Center) identified unit cohesion and motivation as important variables in successful combat performance.

Motivation is particularly important to the U.S. Army. The Army is composed of many individuals of diverse backgrounds and aptitudes who are expected to perform both individually and collectively to meet performance standards. Despite this diversity, each soldier is expected to perform his or her particular job and to be interchangeable with other soldiers performing that same job. Soldiers also differ in their initial motivation for joining the Army. Some soldiers join to serve their

-vii-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Motivation: Theory and Research
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 332

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?