Early Tudor Composers: Biographical Sketches of Thirty-Two Musicians and Composers of the Period 1485-1555

By W. Henry Hadow; William H. Grattan Flood | Go to book overview
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XVII. John Lloyd

IN the closing years of the fifteenth century Welsh musicians began to give evidence of their Celtic inheritance, and at this date several of them were either in the service of the Chapel Royal or were attached to the Court as minstrels. Our next chapter will treat of the career of Robert Jones, and now there is the question of John Lloyd, a famous priest-composer; yet, save for the very brief notice of him by Sir John Hawkins, no biographical data can be gleaned in our usual books of reference. His name has been written 'Floyd' and 'Flude'--a not unusual form of the Welsh surname Lloyd--and although Hawkins places him under Henry VIII, he had previously belonged to the Chapel of King Henry VII, as will be seen.

The first notice of John Lloyd is in the year 1504-5, when he appears as one of the priests of the Chapel Royal, from which circumstance it is fair to conclude that he was born circa 1480. Evidently he soon got into favour, inasmuch as there is an entry in the Patent Rolls dated September 18, 1506, recording his appointment to the parish church of Munslow, diocese of Hereford, void by resignation ( Calendar of Patent Rolls of Henry VII, vol. ii, p. 499).

Probably this appointment to Munslow resulted in Lloyd's leaving the Court for the diocese of Hereford in 1506; and this is the more likely inasmuch as his name does not appear in the official list of the King's Chapel at the funeral of Henry VII on May 1, 1509. Nor yet does he seem to have been recalled to the Chapel Royal on the accession of Henry VIII, for in the Calendar of Letters and Papers of Henry VIII, vol. i, second edition ( 1920), we do not find his name in the detailed list of the King's Chapel at the coronation on Sunday, June 24, 1509. However, about a year later he was appointed a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal, and his name appears as such among those who received liveries for the funeral of Prince Henry on February 27, 1511.

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