For an overview of the debate over
Richardson Clarissa, see
Sue Warrick Doederlein
, "Clarissa in the Hands of the Critics"," Eighteenth Century Studies 16
(Summer 1983):401-14. Key texts in the Clarissa dispute are the following:
William Beatty Warner
, "Reading Rape: Marxist-Feminist Figurations of the Literal"," Diacritics 13 (Winter 1983): 28;
Terry Eagleton, "The Rape of Clarissa: Writing, Sexuality,
and Class Struggle in Samuel Richardson" ( Minneapolis: University of Minnesota
Press, 1982), 14;
Nancy K. Miller, "The Heroine's Text: Readings in the French and
English Novel", 1722-1782 ( New York: Columbia University Press, 1980), xii, 95;
, "Clarissa's Ciphers: Meaning and Disruption in Richardson's Clarissa" ( Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1982), 28, 116. For studies of sexual violence in Latin literature, see
Patricia Kleindienst Joplin, "The Voice of the Shuttle Is Ours"," Stanford
Literature Review 1 1984.: 25-53, and also
Leo C. Curran, "Rape and Rape Victims
in the Metamorphoses"," Arethusa II ( 1978):213-41. On rape in Shakespeare see
Catharine R. Stimpson
, "Shakespeare and the Soil of Rape"," in The Woman's Part: Feminist Criticism of Shakespeare, ed.
Carolyn Ruth Smith Lenz,
Gayle Greene, and Carol Thomas Neely ( Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1980), whose feminist
analysis can be contrasted to that of
Joel Fineman, "Shakespeare's Will: The Temporality of Rape"," in Representations 20 ( 1987):25-76.
Lynn Higgins and
have edited a collection of articles on literature of various periods, entitled Rape and Representation ( Columbia University Press, forthcoming).
The complexity of meanings latent in depictions of rape, whether in the plastic
arts, philosophy, science, or literature, is commented on by
Sylvana Tomaselli in
the Introduction to the volume she has edited with
Roy Porter, "Rape: An Historical
and Social Enquiry" ( Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1986), 2.
Annette Kolodny, "Dancing Through the Minefield: Some Observations on
the Theory, Practice, and Politics of a Feminist Literary Criticism"," in The New
Feminist Criticism: Essays on Women, Literature and Theory, ed.
( New York: Pantheon, 1985), 147.
Tomaselli gives this point a much broader application in her Introduction,
noting that classical and premodern cultures discuss rape most openly and actively
Tillie Olsen, Silences ( London: Virago, 1980), 239-40.
Hélène Cixous, "Le rire de la méduse"," L'Arc 61 ( 1975):2; "The Laugh of the
Suzanne Horer and
Jeanne Socquet, in New French Feminisms, ed. Elaine Marks and
Isabelle de Courtivron ( New York: Schocken Books, 1981), 257.