THE RETIRED STATESMAN
HAVING seen Monroe take the oath of office, March 4, 1817, Madison departed for Montpelier, never again to hold Federal office. He continued the example set by his predecessors in the presidency, and preserved the dignity of his retirement carefully, keeping entirely aloof from participation in political affairs, and refusing to lend his influence in favour of any man's candidacy for office. Soon after he returned to Montpelier he had printed a form of letter, which he sent to office-seekers who solicited his recommendation.*It stated that his personal relations with the President were such that he would not embarrass him by asking favours, and that he had determined to refuse to recommend any appointments.
When the wave of Jackson enthusiasm was at its height he resisted a concerted effort to extract from him some assistance to the party opposed to Jackson. It was confidently believed that he was in sympathy with that party, and the anti-Jackson convention at Richmond determined to put him at the head of its list of nominations of presidential electors, Monroe being also named. James Barbour, formerly Governor of Virginia, and a number of others importuned him to accept, Barbour declaring that by doing so he would decide the election,†but he would not yield; and when he and Monroe were nominated in spite of their refusal, they declined positively to serve. With Jackson's conduct of the presidential office he had no sympathy, and he did not conceal the fact from his____________________