ROGIER VAN DER WEYDEN and the Master of Flémalle stand very close to one another. How they stand to one another is a question to which various answers have been given. The Master of Flémalle was so to speak created out of a rib of Rogier's by art critics and as soon as he stood tolerably firmly on his own feet he was regarded as a descendant, as a follower of Rogier.
The only work by the Master of Flémalle which is inscribed with a date, the Werle wings in Madrid, was done in the year 1438. We can scarcely with any certainty ascribe one work by Rogier to so early a date.1 Judging his personality as a whole, the Flémalle Master seems more archaic than Rogier and like a contemporary of Jan van Eyck.
The youthful Rogier appears closer to the Flémalle Master than does the ageing Rogier. There would be less justification for the assertion: It is just the youthful Master of Flémalle who is close to Rogier. What he could have learnt from Rogier the Master of Flémalle does not possess.
It was tempting to experiment with the hypothesis that the Master of Flémalle was Rogier's teacher. As it happens, the name of this teacher is known. At least there is documentary evidence that a Rogelet de la Pasture was apprenticed to Robert Campin at Tournai in 1426. We know that in 1427 another pupil, Jaquelotte (Jaques) Daret, entered Campin's workshop. This fact provides unexpected support for the assumption that the Master of Flémalle was none other than Robert Campin. Fragments of a work executed in 1434 by Jaques Daret were discovered by George Hulin. Two panels of this altarpiece done for the Abbey St. Vaast at Arras, the Visitation and the Adoration of the Kings, are in the Kaiser- Friedrich Museum, Berlin. Jaques Daret, documented as a pupil of Campin and in the closest sense a fellow-pupil of Rogier's, emerges from stylistic criticism as a not particularly firm character and dependent on the Flémalle Master.
We can regard as at least an intelligent working hypothesis the idea that Rogier was a pupil of the Flémalle Master at Tournai. The possibility____________________