Personal Acknowledgments and Thanks
In preparing this volume I have quoted many things published already by myself and a few publications by others, as well as a good many letters written to me. To the formal acknowledgments set out on p. vii I add here my thanks generally to those who have allowed me to use these earlier publications. Wherever I could trace the writers of letters to me which I wished to publish or quote, or their personal representatives, I have obtained from them permission to use the letters. I am deeply grateful for this friendly collaboration.
I have to thank also many friends too numerous to name individually for giving me information as to themselves or others that I needed for the Index.
I have to thank the Nuffield Foundation for a grant which made it possible for me to secure the indispensable help of Mrs. Lucia Turin, one of my former secretaries for many years, in hunting through material of all kinds, press cuttings, files of newspapers, books, letters and so on. In addition to all her general work she has been responsible for the Index, including the biographical particulars.
Mrs. Turin was my secretary for twenty years at the School of Economics and in Oxford, and in that capacity was largely responsible for the completeness of my documentation. In the making of this book I have had the happy experience not only of rediscovering old friends and helpers but of finding new ones. Mrs. W. R. Law, becoming J.'s and my secretary on our recent move to Edinburgh, has been ready to work at all reasonable and unreasonable hours; I could not have got the book through in time without her. And in going for the first time to my present publishers I have had from their reader Miss Herron help of a kind entirely new to me and for this book indispensable, in reading and criticising all my drafts and giving advice so good that I took it nearly always.
I have to thank Mr. Peter Thorneycroft as President of the Board of Trade for discovering for me in the Board's archives the original minute of my appointment as Director of Labour Exchanges by Mr. Churchill in 1909, and sending me a photostat, from which the Minute is printed in Chapter IV.
I have to thank Arthur and Harold Llewellyn Smith, the sons of my former chief in the Board of Trade and Ministry of Munitions, for placing at my disposal five folders of papers preserved by their