William L. Wilson and Tariff Reform, a Biography

By Festus P. Summers | Go to book overview
Save to active project

CHAPTER VI
The Great Debate [1888]

AS THE DEMOCRATS got down to tariff making, petitions poured in with every mail not only to testify to the correctness of General Hancock's epigram that the tariff was a local issue but also to point the truth that reform had its own skeletons in the closet. The sentiment for free raw materials was strong in New England; yet that section demanded even higher rates for most of its manufactures. New Englanders would gladly consent to the remission of duties on Pennsylvania iron, West Virginia coal, and Louisiana sugar, provided that duties were retained on their own textiles, leather goods, metal products, and novelties; farmers demanded free salt for their flocks and herds but protected butter, protected hides, and a protected wool clip; and transcontinental railway interests, notably the Southern Pacific, favored free coal from Mexico, British Columbia, and Australia for their engine tenders west of the Mississippi River, but for their Eastern lines, which enjoyed the heavy tonnage of the Appalachian bituminous fields, they demanded retention of the existing duty of seventy-five cents per ton as a buffer against New Castle importations.1 These communications left little room to doubt that tariff reform stemmed as much from self-interest as from high principle. A. B. Farquhar, a Pennsylvania manufacturer of farm machinery, who argued for free raw materials, declared:

Which way our interests point is . . . plain enough. I have no occasion to deny that my zeal for tariff reform in a larger sense is strengthened by this consideration; for when one's interest is identical with that of the great mass of his fellow-countrymen, enlightened selfishness becomes truest patriotism.2

____________________
1
C. P. Huntington to W. C. P. Breckinridge, February 12, 1886, December 19, 1887, Breckinridge Papers.
2
Arthur B. and Henry Farquhar, Economic and Industrial Delusions, p. 101.

-80-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
William L. Wilson and Tariff Reform, a Biography
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 294

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?