her "sacred trust" would not die with her. On December 14, Prince Albert, afterwards King George VI, was born at Sandringham.

The Prince Consort had died on December 14 and although thirty‐ four years had passed since the woeful day, the Queen was not wholly pleased that the baby should arrive with the "terrible anniversary." KingGeorge V said afterwards that his grandmother took the birth of Prince Albert as a

"personal affront."
4 The Queen wrote in her journal, 5
"When I went to my dressing-room, found telegram ... saying that dear May had been safely delivered of a son. ... George's first feeling was regret that this dear child should be born on such a day."



THE year 1896 came in with challenging news of the raid into the Transvaal by Dr. Jameson, Administrator for the British South Africa Company's neighbouring territory of Rhodesia. Mr. Gladstone's gesture in restoring the Transvaal to the Boers had not lessened their hatred of England, and British settlers in the Republic, described as Uitlanders, had to suffer many ignominies under President Kruger. For nine years, since the discovery of gold, Britons and Europeans had flowed into the new mining town of Johannesburg where they were heavily taxed and allowed neither the franchise nor civil rights. On January I, news reached London that Dr. Jameson, with six hundred followers, had invaded the Republic two days before, as uninvited champions of the Uitlanders. The dashing gesture ended in disaster. Dr. Jameson went on, despite orders from Whitehall to retire, and after hours of fighting at Krugersdorp, he was forced to surrender.

The scene of real alarm was not in Johannesburg, but Berlin. At ten o'clock on the morning of Jameson's surrender, the Kaiser attended a conference at the German Foreign Office and proposed that Germany should declare a protectorate over the Transvaal and send troops to Pretoria.1 His Chancellor warned him that this would

"mean war with England"
and the Kaiser answered,
"Yes, but only on land."
The upshot of the conference was the famous telegram from the Kaiser to President Kruger congratulating him on his success against the "armed bands" and on having been able "to restore peace and safeguard the independence of the country against attacks from the outside."


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Reign of Queen Victoria
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