6
HERCULES

1. INTRODUCTION

For our purposes, the distinguishing feature of inclusive positivism is the claim that moral considerations can, but need not, figure properly in determinations of law, i.e., attempts to determine the existence or content of valid laws. Since moral considerations do seem to figure in this way, we have good reason to think that inclusive positivism is a better descriptive-explanatory theory of law than exclusive positivism.

But an important question arises at this point. Perhaps the appropriate conclusion to be drawn from our previous discoveries is not that inclusive positivism is the better theory, but that legal positivism is obviously inadequate because that theory is identical with exclusive positivism and the latter necessarily precludes political morality from the possible grounds of law. In other words, the appropriate conclusion may not be that we have reason to adopt a version of positivism, i.e. inclusive positivism, which provides conceptual space for morality in determinations of law, but that positivism must be abandoned altogether because it necessarily excludes morality from the possible grounds for valid law, and morality does sometimes seem to figure in this way. To put the point in a slightly different way, perhaps inclusive positivism is not really a version of positivism at all, but rather a theory which is not significantly different from Dworkin's integrity theory, or the natural-law theories of Aquinas and Augustine. As with inclusive positivism, each of these gives pride of place to moral factors in determinations of law. So perhaps we haven't discovered reasons for preferring a particular kind of positivism but reasons for rejecting positivism altogether in favour of a non-positivistic theory of law like Dworkin's integrity theory.

We have already seen one respect in which inclusive positivism differs from the integrity theory. The former is a general, descriptive

-166-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Inclusive Legal Positivism
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgements vi
  • Contents ix
  • 1: Introduction 1
  • 2 - Theories and Conceptions 9
  • 3 - The Forces of Law 31
  • 4 - Inclusive V. Exclusive Positivism 80
  • 5 - Charter Challenges 142
  • 6 - Hercules 166
  • 7 - Discretion and Legal Theory 191
  • 8 - Morals and the Meaning of Laws 232
  • References 273
  • Table of Cases 281
  • Index 283
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 290

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.