Bennett Reimer, Developing the Experience of Music, 2d ed., ( Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1985), p. 200.
Although this book acknowledges the kinds of music teaching and learning that take
place in nonformal (community and other "non-school") settings and in informal (or incidental) ways, my focus here is on educational principles and procedures that are deliberately
designed and formally instituted in school settings to enable and promote musical understanding. As described in the main text, the situations involving Clara Nette, Tim Pani, and Sara Band are examples of formal music education. The other two situations are examples
of nonformal music education.
As Chapter 2 explains, James Mursell played a major role in constructing the foundations of music education as aesthetic education during the 1930s and '40s. Charles Leon-
hard built on Mursell work, beginning with his seminal article, "Music Education--
Aesthetic Education," Education 74, no. 1 ( September 1953):23-26. For Leonhard's later
reflections on aesthetic education, see his A Realistic Rationale for Teaching Music ( Reston,
Va.: Music Educators National Conference, 1985), p. 7.
For critical discussions of the MEAE philosophy, see: David J. Elliott, "Music Education as Aesthetic Education: A Critical Inquiry," The Quarterly Journal of Music Teaching and Learning 2, no. 3 ( Fall 1991): 48-66; Wayne Bowman, "An Essay Review of
Bennett Reimer's A Philosophy of Music Education," The Quarterly Journal of Music
Teaching and Learning 2, no. 3 ( Fall 1991):76-87; Estelle Jorgensen, "On Philosophical
Method," in Handbook of Research on Music Teaching and Learning, ed.
( New York: Schirmer Books, 1992), pp. 91-101.
Aristotle, Politics ( 1339a15), trans.
Jonathan Barnes, ed.
Stephen Everson ( Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988), p. 189.
Bennett Reimer, A Philosophy of Music Education, 2d ed. ( Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1989), p. 3. Similar senses appear in Charles Leonhard and
Robert W. House, Foundations and Principles of Music Education ( New York: McGraw-Hill, 1959), pp. 71- 72, and Harold F. Abeles,
Charles R. Hoffer, and
Robert H. Klotman, Foundations of Music
Education ( New York: Schirmer Books, 1984), p. 33.
John Passmore, "Philosophy," in The Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ed.
( New York: Macmillan, 1967), vol. 6, p. 216.
Wayne Bowman, "Philosophy, Criticism, and Music Education: Some Tentative
Steps Down a Less Travelled Road," Bulletin of the Council for Research in Music Education, no. 114 ( Fall 1992):4.