Central Planning in Czechoslovakia: Organization for Growth in a Mature Economy

By Jan M. Michal | Go to book overview
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Appendix
RESULTS OF THE 1959 PLAN; PLAN FOR 1960 AND TARGETS FOR 1965 UNDER THE THIRD FIVE-YEAR PLAN

In September 1959, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia issued directives for the Third Five-Year Plan, covering the years 1961-65,1 on the basis of a report by the chairman of the State Planning Office, O. Šimůnek.2 Many of these targets surpass those outlined by the first secretary of the Communist Party and President of the Republic, A. Novotný, at the Eleventh Congress of the Party in June 1958 and described as long-term plans in Chapter 2, Section 7, and Chapter 4, Section 5, of this book. In Plánované hospodářství, No. 11, 1959, the following comparison was given (all index numbers 1957 = 100, based on gross value):

Targets for 1965
Under Di-
rectives of
June
1958
Under Di-
rectives of
September
1959
Index of industrial production 190-95 201
Index of agricultural production 140 140
Index of volume of construction 170-80 179.8
Index of output in engineering 230 260
Index of output in chemical industry 250 300
Hard coal, million tons 35-36 35.5
Coke, million tons 10.7 11.6
Crude steel, million tons 9.2-9.7 10.5
Electricity, billion kwh 38 37.7
Plastics, thousand tons 90-95 105.6
Cement, million tons 7 8.6

Stepping-up of targets for 1965 was motivated by the fast growth of the national economy in 1958-59.3 In fact, as far as industry is concerned, the increases in gross value of output in these years were the highest since the currency reform in 1953; comparable costs of production were lowered; and contrary to the first industrialization drive of 1951-53, there

____________________
1
The first Five-Year Plan covered 1949-53, the second 1956-60.
2
His speech of September 23 was published in Rudé právo of September 29, 1959.
3
This also was the motivation for increased 1960 targets under the revised second Five-Year Plan, by decision of the Czechoslovak government of July 24, 1959.

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