Germany, a Companion to German Studies

By Jethro Bithell | Go to book overview
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scapes of Kaspar David Friedrich. Repudiating abstraction and the exotic, Kokoschka now maintains that as Europeans we must not lose face and turn back into the jungle, but resolutely combat chaos and decide in favour of organically developing Life and Humanity.

Max BECKMANN ( 1884-1950), on the other hand, the exponent of new realism [represented also by OTTO Dix ( 1891-) and KARL HOFER ( 1878-)], was perhaps the most forceful of all German artists in rendering the horror and 'anxiety' of our mechanized, dehumanized age, though his power of vision prevented him from becoming an infuriated satirist as was the case with GEORG GROSS ( 1893-) or from falling into the naturalistic though sincere reform propaganda of KÄTHE KOLLWITZ ( 1867-1945).

Recent publications on the drawings of the sculptor ERNST BARLACH ( 1870-1938) with their intense yet formally powerful humanity show from what recent sources German art may still draw and yet remain essentially true to itself.



Albertina: beschreibender Katalog der Handzeichnnugen in der Graphischen Sammlung Albertina. 6 vols. Vienna, 1926-41

Burger, F., and Brinckmann, A. E. Handbuch der Kunstwissenschaft. 35 vols. Potsdam, 1913-30

Christoffel, U. Die deutsche Kunst als Form und Ausdruck. Augsburg, 1928

Clark, K. Landscape into Art. London, 1949

Closs, Hannah. Art and Life. Shakespeare Head Press. Oxford, 1936

Closs, Hannah. Magie und Naturgefühl in der Malerei. Bonn, 1936

Closs, Hannah. The Meeting of the Waters. An enquiry into the relationship of East and West in the mystery of the Grail. Bombay, Aryan Path, 1948, May and June

Dehio, G. Handbuch der deutsclien Kunstdenkmäler. 1914

Dehio, G. Geschichte der deutschen Kunst. 3 vols. Berlin, 1930-31

Graphische Gesellschaft (Facsimiles). 27 vols. Berlin, 1906-22

Hagen, O. Deutsches Sehen. Gestaltungsfragen der deutschen Kunst. Munich, 2nd ed., 1923

Mössel, E. Vom Geheimnis der Form und der Urform des Seins. Stuttgart, 1938

Muther, R. Geschichte der Malerei. 3 vols. Leipzig, 1922

Propyläen Kunstgeschichte. Berlin, 1925-39

Springer, A. Handbuch der Kunstgeschichte. Leipzig, 1923

Stange, A. Deutsche Kunst um 1400. Munich, 1923

Thieme-Becker. Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler. 36 vols. Leipzig, 1907-50

Vollmer, H. Kunstgeschichtliches Wörterbuch. Leipzig, 1928

Wölfflin, H. Kunstgeschichtliche Grundbegriffe. Basel, 1948

Wölfflin, H. Kleine Schriften. Ed. by J. Gantner. Basel, 1946


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