strengthening of the belief that women's lusts were to be feared as unbridled and demonic. The Reformation, which seemed at first to offer a sexual ethic identical for men and women, and appeared to bestow a new dignity on the married wife, suspected all women, single or married, of being ever ready to surrender themselves to their lust for debauchery.


Notes
1.
Die Chroniken der deutschen Städte, 23 ( Leipzig, 1894), 337.
2.
On closures in other cities, see Iwan Bloch, Die Prostitution, 2 vols. ( Berlin, 1912, 1925), ii. 260-2; and Susan Karrant-Nunn, "'Continuity and Change: Some Effects of the Reformation on the Women of Zwickau'", Sixteenth Century Journal, 12/ 2 ( 1982), 16-42, p. 23.
3.
Steven Ozment, When Fathers Ruled: Family Life in Reformation Europe ( Harvard, 1983), 99.
4.
Stadtarchiv Ulm (hereinafter cited as StAUlm) A 3988 Der frowen wiert ayd (hereafter referred to as 'oath') and see Stadtarchiv Augsburg (hereafter cited as StAA) Ratsbuch no. 277, 'Aidbuch' of the fifteenth century, fo. 18v, frowen wirt aid. I am grateful to Rolf Kiessling for this reference. Augsburg has few records on the brothel before the Reformation, so I have drawn on material relating to brothels in other cities. Surviving ordinances reveal a broadly similar organization. On Augsburg in the late medieval period, See Rolf Kiessling, Bürgerliche Gesellschaft und Kirche in Augsburg im Spätmittelalter ( Abhandlungen zur Geschichte der Stadt Augsburg, 19) ( Augsburg, 1971).
5.
See G. L. Kriegk, Deutsches Bürgerthum im Mittelalter, 2 vols. ( Frankfurt, 1868, 1871) ii. 308; Karl Obser, "'Zur Geschichte des Frauenhauses in Überlingen'", Zeitschrift für Geschichte des Oberrheins, 70 ( 1916), 631-44; Dr von Posern- Klett , "'Frauenhäuser und freie Frauen in Sachsen'", Archiv für die sächsische Geschichte, 12 ( 1874), 63-89, p. 67.
6.
Carl Jäger, Ulms Verfassungs-, bürgerliches und commercielles Leben im Mittelalter ( Heilbronn, 1831), 545; von Posern-Klett, "'Frauenhäuser und freie Frauen'", 80; Max Bauer, Liebesleben in deutscher Vergangenheit ( Berlin, 1924), 139; see also Chroniken der deutschen Städte, 11 ( Leipzig, 1874), 464; and W. Rudeck , Geschichte der öffentlichen Sittliechkeit in Deutschland ( Jena, 1897), 31-3.
7.
Kriegk, Deutches Bürgerthum, ii. 327; Bauer, Liebesleben, 138. On the municipal nature of the brothel see also, for France, Jacques Rossiaud, sect. III of Jacques Le Goff (ed.), La ville médiéval des Carolingiens à la Renaissance ( Histoire de la France urbaine, ii. ed. G. Duby) ( Paris, 1980), 532.
8.
Brothel-keeper's complaint: Staatsarchiv Ludwigsburg, B 207 68 no. 166. The doctor and the official in charge of beggars gave the women an internal examination ('besechent sy einwertz Jrs leibs') ('which no man has the right to do'). Clean women: StAUlm A 3669 ( Zweites Gsatzbuch) fo. 416 ff., Newe frawen wierts ordnung 1512. I have found no evidence that German prostitutes were organized in guilds, though this claim is even repeated in modern literature: the 'guild of prostitutes' however, is used ironically to refer to the women.

-357-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Feminism and History
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 614

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.