Curious Land: Jesuit Accommodation and the Origins of Sinology

By D. E. Mungello | Go to book overview

CHAPTER I
THE SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY EUROPEAN BACKGROUND
TO THE ACCOMMODATION OF CHINA

1. EUROPEAN EXPANSION AND MISSIONARIES

The seventeenth century was a time of European expansion. Although the Iberian states of Spain and Portugal were in decline and central Europe went through the process of being exhausted by a long war, the states of western Europe -- England, Holland and France -- were in vigorous ascent. This century saw the conclusions to a number of wars whose roots were in the Reformation, but the religious issues of these wars seemed increasingly to be absorbed by political concerns. The Thirty Years War ( 1618-1648) in central Europe thoroughly blurred sectarian lines, but was nonetheless economically and politically devastating to German territories. In England, the conflict between Puritans, Anglicans and Catholics evolved into a civil war ( 1642-1649), then Cromwell's Republic ( 1649-1660), followed by the Restoration ( 1660-1688) and ultimately the Glorious Revolution ( 1688). These events produced the death of a king and the historical triumph of Parliament.

If the elevated conception of the divine right of kings was not matched by the abilities of the Stuart kings in England, it certainly was matched across the Channel in the person of Louis XIV (r. 1661- 1715) of France. Louis the Great's talents were reinforced by the foundations laid by a succession of brilliant royal advisers -- Cardinal Armand-Jean du Plessis Richelieu ( 1585- 1642), Cardinal Jules Mazarin ( 1602-1661) and the arch mercantilist Jean Baptiste Colbert ( 1619- 1683). In carrying kingship to a high art, Louis XIV created a model both of a monarch and a palace ( Versailles) which would be imitated for many years throughout Europe1. Although the last years of the Sun King's reign were less successful than his earlier years, this time of turmoil is omitted from our study because it lies beyond 1700. Nevertheless, both the British and French experiences in the seventeenth century had produced two powerful historical models for the development of the modern nation-state.

Seventeenth-century European expansion had a significant religious dimension. Throughout the period of the discovery voyages in the sixteenth century, the kings of Spain and Portugal had taken the initiative in promoting Christian missions with financial aid as well as passage for missionaries aboard Spanish and Portuguese ships. During this time, the Jesuits played the leading role,

____________________
1
See Pierre Goubert, Louis XIV and twenty million Frenchmen Anne Carter, trans. ( New York, 1972).

-23-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Curious Land: Jesuit Accommodation and the Origins of Sinology
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 408

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.