Netawatwes's Instruction on Presenting Wampum Belts to the Cherokees
SEVERAL WEEKS after Netawatwes met with Isaac and his delegation of Christian Indians, he called a conference on June 22, 1773, of his subchief and captains. A delegation of Christian Indians from Schoenbrunn and Gnadenhutten was invited to participate in this meeting.
The Cherokees, who at that time were living on the Tennessee River, were threatening to break the peace and go to war against the British. A series of treaties between the Cherokees and the British in 1768, 1770, and 1771 granted parts of the Kentucky territory to Virginia. Although these treaties covered land thought to belong to the Shawnees, the Cherokees had little objection. Now the British were insisting that some of the Cherokee land be surrendered and threatened to go to war. Over the past ten years the Delawares had maintained friendly relations with the Cherokees and encouraged them to settle their differences peacefully.
The conference gives us a rare insight into the operation of Indians' negotiations as the chief instructs his delegation on the words they were to use in speaking to the Cherokees. This diary entry is written by Johannes Roth (Rothe), who was living at Gnadenhutten. He wrote the diary between May 1 and August 13, 1773, until the Schmicks arrived to manage Gnadenhutten. Present during the____________________