This volume and its siblings, comprising the Yale Studies on Nonprofit Organizations, were produced by an interdisciplinary research enterprise, the Program on Non-Profit Organizations, located within Yale University's Institution for Social and Policy Studies.1 The Program had its origins in a series of discussions initiated by the present author in the mid-1970s while serving as president of Yale. These discussions began with a number of Yale colleagues, especially Professor Charles E. Lindblom, Director of the Institution, and Professor John G. Simon of the Law School faculty. We later enlisted a number of other helpful counselors in and out of academic life.
These conversations reflected widespread agreement that there was a serious and somewhat surprising gap in American scholarship. The United States relies more heavily than any other country on the voluntary nonprofit sector to conduct the nation's social, cultural, and economic business--to bring us into the world, to educate and entertain us, even to bury us. Indeed, the United States can be distinguished from all other societies by virtue of the work load it assigns to its "third sector," as compared to business firms or government agencies. Yet this nonprofit universe had been the least well studied, the least well understood aspect of our national life. And the nonprofit institutions themselves were lacking any connective theory of their governance and function. As just one result, public and private bodies were forced to make policy and management decisions, large and small, affecting the nonprofit sector from a position of relative ignorance.
To redress this startling imbalance, and with the initial assistance of the late John D. Rockefeller III (soon joined by a few foundation donors), the Program on Non-Profit Organizations was launched in 1977. It seeks to achieve three principal goals:____________________
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Publication information: Book title: Nonprofit Enterprise in the Arts:Studies in Mission and Constraint. Contributors: Paul J. DiMaggio - Author. Publisher: Oxford University Press. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 1986. Page number: v.
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