The concept of a new world order, introduced into the lexicon of international politics with the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe, was strongly invoked by President George Bush in response to the Gulf crisis. Thus, the end of the cold war and Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in August 1991 constitute the historical reference points for the concept. This suggests at least two dimensions in its meaning: the end of an international order determined by the struggle for hegemony between the United States and the Soviet Union; and the initiation of a U.S. foreign policy doctrine based on U.S. hegemony in the international order.
This volume seeks to explore the impact of the Gulf War on the fashioning of a new world order, with particular reference to the role of the Middle East region. It is divided into four parts, each addressing a different facet. The purpose is to develop a holistic perspective of the new world order and to explore its external and internal dynamics. What is revealed is that the processes of policy articulation, formulation, and impact are interactively interrelated rather than sequentially related and dynamic rather than static vis-à-vis the relationship between objectives and outcomes. In a linear model, the new world order and the Gulf War are viewed as independent and dependent variables. In a nonlinear model--the focus demanded by a holistic perspective--they are dynamically interrelated and inter- dependent simultaneously on a number of planes rather than sequentially related in space-time.
Part I, "The Gulf War and the International Order," examines central principles of international relations inherent in the articulation of the new world order and the power dynamic among protagonists of world order. The first chapter, "Reflections on the Gulf War Experience: Force and War in the UN System" by Richard Falk, initiates this section with an examination of the failure of the United Nations to abide by international law and to forestall the trajectory toward war.
The aim of progressive international law has been to outlaw war. Resort to force in foreign policy is unconditionally prohibited in modern international law except in situations of self-defense. This