The Gulf War and the New World Order: International Relations of the Middle East

By Tareq Y. Ismael; Jacqueline S. Ismael | Go to book overview

serving its own immediate interests and those of its regional allies. In sum, this is the only new world order worth considering. 30


Notes
1.
See Marion Farouk-Sluglett, "Iraq: Rente Petrolière et Concentration du Pouvoir," Maghreb-Machrek 131 ( January 1991): 3-12.
2.
For a detailed discussion of the origins and early years of the modern state, see Peter Sluglett, Britain in Iraq 1914-1932 ( London: Ithaca Press, 1976).
3.
These developments are discussed in Hanna Batatu, The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq; A Study of Iraq's Old Landed Classes and its Communists, Ba'thists and Free Officers (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1978): especially 53-361, 465-82, and passim; for several interesting critiques and appreciations of Batatu's book, see Robert Fernea and Wm. Roger Louis, eds., The Iraqi Revolution of 1958: The Old Social Classes Revisited ( London: I. B. Tauris, 1991).
4.
For a useful discussion of this issue see Dale Eickelman, "Ethnicity and Cultural Identity," The Middle East: An Anthropological Approach (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1989): 207-27.
5.
For a sense of the changing nature of Sunni-Shi'i relations, compare our two articles, "Some Reflections on the Present State of Sunni-Shi'i Relations in Iraq," Bulletin of the British Society for Middle Eastern Studies 5 ( 1978): 79-87; and, "Sunnis and Shi'is Revisited: Sectarianism and Ethnicity in Authoritarian Iraq," in The Modern Middle East in Historical Perspective: Essays in Honour of Albert Hourani, ed. John P. Spagnolo ( London: Ithaca Press, 1992): 279-94. For a more optimistic interpretation see Amatzia Baram, "The Ruling Political Elite in Ba'thi Iraq: The Changing Features of a Collective Profile," International Journal of Middle East Studies 21 ( 1989): 447-93.
6.
For a more detailed discussion of the Kurdish issue, and of recent developments, see our article, "The Kurds," in The Times Guide to the Middle East, eds., Peter Sluglett and Marion Farouk-Sluglett ( London: Harper Collins, 1991): 51-67.
7.
For a relatively recent study of the city, see Bassim al-Ansari, "'al- Thawra, Quartier de Bagdad,' Thèse du 3e Cycle," EHESS ( Paris: Universite Paris VII, 1979).
8.
Salih Jabr was prime minister from March 1947 to January 1948; Muhammad al-Sadr from January 1948 to June 1948; Fadhil Jamali from September 1953 to April 1954, and 'Abd al-Wahhab Mirjan from December 1957 to March 1958. Batatu, Old Social Classes, 182.
9.
It can safely be asserted that under the present regime which has been in office since July 1968, no Shi'i has held a significant power posi

-290-

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The Gulf War and the New World Order: International Relations of the Middle East
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Introduction 1
  • Part I - The Gulf War and the International Order 23
  • 1 - Reflections on the Gulf War Experience 25
  • Notes 38
  • 2 - The United Nations in the Gulf War 50
  • 3 - Bush's New World Order 52
  • Notes 73
  • Notes 74
  • 4 - The European Community's Middle Eastern Policy 107
  • 5 - Regional Cooperation and Security in the Middle East the Role of the European Community 116
  • Notes 129
  • 6 - Japan 132
  • References 148
  • Part II - The United States and the New World Order 151
  • 7 - Between Theory and Fact 153
  • Notes 174
  • 8 - The New World Order and the Gulf War 184
  • Notes 217
  • 9 - The Making of the New World Order 240
  • 10 - Defeating the Vietnam Syndrome 242
  • Notes 258
  • Part III - The Gulf War and the Middle East Order 263
  • 11 - Iraq and the New World Order 290
  • 12 - Iran and the New World Order 313
  • 13 - The Gulf War, the Palestinians, and the New World Order 339
  • 14 - Israel and the New World Order 347
  • Notes 363
  • 15 - Jordan and the Gulf War 381
  • 16 - Syria, the Kuwait War, and the New World Order 395
  • 17 - Imagining Egypt in the New Age 399
  • Notes 430
  • 18 - Turkey, the Gulf Crisis, and the New World Order 446
  • Part IV - Political Trends and Cultural Patterns 449
  • 19 - The Middle East in the New World Order 451
  • Acknowledgments 468
  • Acknowledgments 469
  • 20 - Islam, Democracy, and the Arab Future 473
  • Acknowledgments 497
  • Notes 497
  • 21 - Islam at War and Communism in Retreat What is the Connection? 502
  • Acknowledgments 520
  • Notes 520
  • 22 - Global Apartheid? 521
  • Notes 535
  • 23 - Democracy Died at the Gulf 548
  • Contributors 549
  • Index 554
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