there. Notwithstanding the obstacles already mentioned, there is
probably a greater readiness among the Lebanese to invest in Lebanon than there is among Syrians to invest in Syria. Despite Syrian
overlordship, political pressures are likely to be more mediated and
indirect than in Syria proper, and the private sector's legal framework provides quite different business opportunities than those available even with the latest laws in Syria. If ever the reemergence of a
strong private sector on Lebanese soil should imperil the position of
the Syrian regime, these dangers could be warded off more easily
due to the continuous formal distinction between the two countries.
This distinction at present enables the Asad regime to dominate Lebanon and, at the same time, minimizes Lebanese claims to enfranchisement.
One of the major issues of debate among the ruling circles of Syria
will certainly be the ways in which the strengthening of private capital, be it domestic or external, can be reconciled with the privileges
and survival of the regime. But as the rulers do not intend to cut
back on their ambitions, they will make every possible effort to tap
external resources and integrate themselves into the new world order.
Their choices in the Kuwait crisis facilitated this policy, but were its
result rather than its cause.
For an eloquent exposition of this convergence of systems through
the collapse of one of these systems, see F. Halliday, "The Ends of Cold
War," in New Left Review 180 ( March-April 1990): 5-24. If such a convergence of systems is the outcome of the end of the cold war this need not, as Halliday suggests, imply that the cold war was a conflict between systems.
Cf. M. Kaldor, "After the Cold War," in New Left Review 180 ( March-
April 1990): 25-40.
George Bush, "Address to Congress, 11 September 1990," in The New
York Times ( 12 September 1990).
For a detailed chronology of events see The Middle East Journal1-3
For example, interview with the commander of Syrian forces in Saudi
Arabia, 'Ali Habib, with al-Khalij ( 7 October 1990); also in Washington
Post ( 12 November 1990); Tishrin ( 15-17 November 1990 and 12-14 January 1991).
For details, see Middle East International ( 22 March 1991): 9, 10.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Gulf War and the New World Order:International Relations of the Middle East.
Contributors: Tareq Y. Ismael - Editor, Jacqueline S. Ismael - Editor.
Publisher: University Press of Florida.
Place of publication: Gainesville, FL.
Publication year: 1994.
Page number: 395.
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