Violence against the Press: Policing the Public Sphere in U.S. History

By John Nerone | Go to book overview

5 The Civil War and Civil Liberties

In the 1850s the structure of national politics collapsed. Under the pressure of an increasingly abstract debate over the extension of slavery, the Whig party splintered, sectional allegiances came to prevail over partisan ties, virtual warfare raged in the Kansas territory, and the South threatened secession. Strength of numbers enabled the North to elect a sectional, minority president, and after the failure of statesmanship, the Civil War ensued. The northern victory in the Civil War confirmed the status of the Union and transformed the Constitution from a compact among sovereign states to a fundamental national charter with priority over state constitutions. Though the radical nature of this transformation was obscured by the reactionary drift of Reconstruction politics after 1868, the Civil War era must be seen as marking a basic shift in the conception of national polity.

The legacy of the war era for political discourse is more ambiguous. On the one hand, a civil liberties coalition was formed out of the ideological thrust of the antislavery movement, culminating in the landmark passage of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth amendments by a radical Republican Congress. Never before had the argument for individual liberty under the law been expressed so forcefully and inclusively in the arenas of U.S. government. On the other hand, the period was marked by frequent invasions of the right to free expression in practice. In Kansas in the 1850s, newspapers were treated as weapons of war, and came under literal bombardment in the sack of Lawrence. During the war itself, newspapers were targeted for violent attack with unprecedented regularity; extralegal violence worked hand in glove with government policy North and South-- justified by military expediency--to punish opposition politics, especially at election time. And in the Reconstruction South, African-American and Republican newspapers were frequent victims of vigilante and terrorist activity. Liberty under the law was not secured by the Civil War.

At the same time, mainstream newspapers were undergoing a crucial transformation. Industrialization began to turn metropolitan newspapers into large and

-111-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Violence against the Press: Policing the Public Sphere in U.S. History
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • 1 - Introduction 3
  • 2 - The Press and the American Revolution 18
  • Conclusion 50
  • 3 - Antipress Violence and Politics in the Early Republic 53
  • 4 - The Crusade Against Abolitionism 84
  • Conclusion 110
  • 5 - The Civil War and Civil Liberties 111
  • Conclusion 126
  • 6 - Violence and Minority Media 128
  • Conclusion 163
  • 7 - Labor-Related Violence 165
  • Conclusion 195
  • 8 - Recent Violence Against the Mainstream Press 196
  • Conclusion 211
  • 9 - Conclusion 213
  • Appendix A - Survey Questionnaire 219
  • Appendix B - The Flow of Antiabolitionist Violence 221
  • Notes 231
  • Index 293
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 312

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.