SECTION AIrrespective of the particular combination of resources it has--whether, for
instance, it is heavily reliant on money rather than on activists--a party requires
an organization (or organizations) to utilize these resources in an effective way.
This chapter is concerned with party organization which, as it happens, was one
of the first subjects to be studied by the founders of political science: the work of
both Ostrogorski and Michels (at the beginning of the twentieth century) was a
major influence in the development of the discipline.
1 Nor is it mere coincidence
that party organization should have been of such concern to that generation of
political scientists: it was all too obvious to them that the growth of extensive
party structures had been one of the main developments in the process of democratization in industrializing societies.This chapter is concerned with four aspects of party organizations:
|• ||first, it considers the question of how and why there are both similarities and
variations in the form of organization found in different parties;|
|• ||secondly, it examines the resources available to party organizations and how
change in the availability of some resources is affecting political parties;|
|• ||thirdly, it considers an issue originally raised by Michels--who controls a
party organization and its resources;|
|• ||finally, and rather briefly, it looks at what party organizations actually do
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Political Parties and Party Systems.
Contributors: Alan Ware - Author.
Publisher: Oxford University Press.
Place of publication: Oxford.
Publication year: 1996.
Page number: 93.
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