STABILITY AND CHANGE IN PARTY SYSTEMS
|•||• Belgium (where a two-and-a-half party system had transformed into fragmented multipartism);|
|•||• France (where polarized multipartism had been replaced by a more moderate multipartism);|
|•||• India (where the previously predominant Congress Party had lost that position);|
|•||• Israel (where consolidation of the right-wing parties in Likud transformed the dynamics of the multiparty system).|
There were three other countries where less radical changes in the party system were evident. In Norway and Denmark the declining vote of, respectively, the Labour and Social Democratic parties had altered the position of the previously most powerful party in the system. In addition, the Liberal Party in Norway and the Radicals in Denmark had experienced long-term decline. The third country was Iceland where the basic configuration of the parties persisted, but where at the very end of the 1960s the party system became far more prone to electoral volatility and to the entry of new parties. However, the overwhelming impression, at least when first glancing at this list of countries, is one of continuity in most party systems.