The Interest Group Connection: Electioneering, Lobbying, and Policymaking in Washington

By Paul S. Herrnson; Ronald G. Shaiko et al. | Go to book overview

11
Tobacco Industry PACs and the Nation's Health: A Second Opinion

John R. Wright

IT HAS been more than two decades since data on campaign contributions from special interests to members of Congress first became publicly available. These data have spawned countless studies by academic scholars, journalists, and other analysts into the relationship between special interest money and congressional voting. Within this considerable body of research, there still is no consensus about whether and to what extent campaign money determines legislative outcomes ( Grenzke 1990; Smith 1995). There is, however, a noticeable difference in the analytical methods used by academic scholars and those used by journalists and other analysts, and there is also a noticeable difference in research conclusions. In general, academic scholars tend to be much more careful about controlling for possible influences other than PAC money and, as a result, have generally discovered weaker relationships between PAC contributions and legislative voting than journalists and those interested in reform or other policy agendas (see Sorauf 1988, 307-17; Sorauf 1992, 20-28, 163-74).

A recent study of the impact of campaign contributions from the tobacco industry on congressional voting provides a vivid illustration of the differences in methods and conclusions between academic scholars and analysts advocating specific policy agendas ( Moore, Wolfe, Lindes, and Douglas 1994). As reported in a Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) study, the strongest explanation for congressional opposition to tobacco-control legislation during the 102d Congress was the money that representatives received from tobacco industry political action com

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The Interest Group Connection: Electioneering, Lobbying, and Policymaking in Washington
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Contents iii
  • Preface vii
  • Comments on the Electoral Connection 80
  • Part III the Congressional Connection 87
  • 6 the Dynamics of Lobbying the Hill 89
  • 7 Grassroots Organizations and Equilibrium Cycles in Group Mobilization and Access 100
  • 10 Interest Groups and the Congressional Budget Process: Lobbying in the Era of Deficit Politics 154
  • Acknowledgments 173
  • Notes 173
  • 11 Tobacco Industry Pacs and the Nation's Health: A Second Opinion 174
  • Comments on the Congressional Connection 196
  • Part IV the Executive Connection 203
  • 12 Lobbying the President and the Bureaucracy 205
  • Notes 213
  • Notes 223
  • 14 Lobbying for the President: Influencing Congress from the White House 224
  • Notes 238
  • Notes 256
  • Comments on the Executive Connection 258
  • Part V the Judicial Connection 265
  • Acknowledgments 287
  • Notes 287
  • 17 Please God, Save This Honorable Court: the Emergence of the Conservative Religious Bar 289
  • Acknowledgment 300
  • Notes 300
  • Notes 302
  • Notes 316
  • Comments on the Judicial Connection 318
  • Part VI Conclusion 325
  • 19 Interest Groups at the Dawn of a New Millennium 327
  • References 337
  • Index 361
  • About the Contributors 374
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