The Government of China (1644-1911)

By Pao Chao Hsieh | Go to book overview
Save to active project

CHAPTER III
THE NOBLES AND THE PRIVILEGED CLASSES

In the five elements of blessing enumerated in the Canon of History1 ( Shu Cheng) political power and noble titles are not included. Except in the feudal period when the vassal lords resembled European barons, and, after the centralization when an empty title with a small pecuniary compensation was awarded to serviceable officials, nobility, as an institution, was hardly a factor in China, socially or politically. The Manchu government, following the tradition of the country, provided special privileges and financial aids for three classes of peoples, Imperial clansmen, Bannermen, and the titular nobles.

Two kinds of kinship to the emperor, the clansmen and the alternates ( Tsung Shih and Chio Lo) were recognized, privileged, and supported. By clansmen was meant direct male descendants from Emperor Hsien Tso, grandfather of Emperor Shun Chi,2 the term alternate signified direct male descendants from the grandfather of Emperor Hsien Tso. Chronologically, all the spouses of the House of Nurachi from the middle of the 16th century3 and all those born after the Manchus learned to keep a family record, were made clansmen and alternates respectively. More than three hundred and fifty years of propagation well protected from the acute attack of economic insufficiency to which common people were subjected gave the House of Nurachi thousands of rice eaters with most of them making rice consumption

____________________
1
These elements are longevity, wealth, health, love of virtue, and natural death.
2
Shun Chi was the first Manchu emperor in China.
3
Emperor Hsien Tso acceded to the throne in 1583.

-45-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Government of China (1644-1911)
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 414

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?