The Government of China (1644-1911)

By Pao Chao Hsieh | Go to book overview
Save to active project

CHAPTER XIV
POLICIES OF THE GOVERNMENT: CONCLUSION

By sheer force of arms the Manchus invaded and conquered China; at the point of the bayonet, the vanquished Chinese unwillingly submitted to the newly founded dynasty. Void of ancient and advanced civilization, 1 totally ignorant of the art of politics and the Chinese political institutions, the Manchus, after their hard-fought conquest, found themselves confronted with the task of ruling over a civilized people with 21,068,609 adult males, 2 who might at any moment turn against their new conquerors and drive out the invaders. It was indeed a difficult task, so much more so when force, their instrument of conquest, could not be applied to the delicate art of government. With the early emperors' unqualified admiration of the Chinese civilization, their diligence in quest of its secret, their untiring efforts towards the processes of assimilation, and the help of the Chinese ministers, they soon learned the secret and were converted into Chinese emperors in thought and action as well as in name.

But, unfortunately, the political institutions of China were then at their lowest ebb: the institution of emperor was more corrupted than ever before. Huang Li Chou, one

____________________
1
It can be safely said that the Manchus had little or no civilization when they conquered China. The Tsing Chien I Chi Lu records that there was no written Manchu language until 1623, Emperor Tai Tsu, grandfather of Shun Chi ordered to have the Mongol system of writing adopted to the Manchu dialect and made a written Manchu language.
2
The first complete census of the Manchu Dynasty was taken in 1661. These records show that there were 21,068,609 adult males. By adult is meant a male subject between 16 and 60. See Huang Chao Wen Hsien Tung Kao, v. 19.

-376-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Government of China (1644-1911)
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 414

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?