When Women Lead: Integrative Leadership in State Legislatures

By Cindy Simon Rosenthal | Go to book overview
Save to active project

2
Gender, Leadership, and Legislatures: Theoretical Roots

The power of leadership is the power of integrating which creates community.

-- Mary Parker Follett

Aggregative or distributive theories have dominated the literature on legislative politics beginning with Lasswell's dictum of "who gets what" and its corollary "at whose expense." 1 This perspective assumes that legislators compete with each other to secure the advantages (principally electoral) of scarce policy goods. 2 In their simplest form, legislative decisions are "divide-the- dollar" competitions in which particular interests overshadow the broader common good and decision outcomes are reduced to three options: win, lose, or compromise to protect your interests.

The distributive paradigm applies not only to individual-level behavior but also to the logic of institutions. 3 March and Olsen call this dominant ideology "the logic of consequentiality" or rational calculation of preferences and consequences. 4 The kind of institution that results from this view is aggregative," based on the processes of interests, power, and exchange. 5

Modern legislatures are assumed to be aggregative, and the archetypal style of legislative leadership is what Burns describes as transactional -- competitive bargaining and win-lose-or-compromise strategies. Indeed, he calls legislatures and legislative committees "the classic seat of transactional leadership." 6 The transactional leader facilitates the exchange of valued goods -- "acts of reciprocal betterment" 7 -- that are achieved by calculating interests, log rolling, competing, and maneuvering for strategic advantage. Necessary conditions of an aggregative system are conflict and competition. 8

This picture of aggregative leadership emerges from legislative research based mostly on men, and thus this study of committee chairs poses the question: Has masculine behavior been conflated as institutional norms of con

-18-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
When Women Lead: Integrative Leadership in State Legislatures
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 242

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?