Games Real Actors Play: Actor-Centered Institutionalism in Policy Research

By Fritz W. Scharpf | Go to book overview

Index
Action, defined, 21
Action resources, 16, 43-44, 51, 71
collective control of, 54-56, 67 (n7) individual control of, 55-56
See also Capacity
Actor, 7-10, 18(n4)
aggregate, 16, 185, 195
autonomy of, 54
central banks as, 3
cognitive capacity of, 6, 58, 62-63, 109
electorate, 4
governments as, 3-4
individuals as, 12
and institutional rules, 39-41
interdependence of, 5, 10, 53, 69
lower-level, 174, 178, 198
multiple, 51-52
and noncooperative game theory, 6
as omniscient, 62
organizations as, 12
perspective of, 16-17, 19, 37-38, 60, 67(n8), 84-85, 95(n9), 116, 223-227
rationality of, 99-100, 108-110, 164
self-interest of, 84
unions as, 3
utility function of, 53-54, 67 (n4) See also Collective actor; Composite actor; Corporate actor; Individual
Actor-centered institutionalism, 1
explanatory potential of, 48-49
as framework, 16, 36, 195
See also Framework; Modes of interaction
Actor constellations, 12, 31, 195
archetypal, 16, 69, 72-73, 79
vs. games being played, 45-46
interdependence of actors in, 5, 10, 53, 69
and interests, 129-130
and level of conflict, 48
as link between analysis and research, 45-46, 69
and modes of interaction, 47-49, 97
and policy problems, 45-46, 69-71
potential number of, 23-25, 27
in real world, 45, 48, 77-78, 271
and substantive policy analysis, 45-46, 49
Actor orientations
and actor constellations, 71
cognitive, 62-63
and description, 66
idiosyncratic, 62, 65, 67 (n11)
and norms, 64-65
and rational-choice framework, 20-22,66
and revealed preferences, 60
See also Interaction orientations
Actor-systems dynamics (ASD), 36
Adenauer, Konrad, 193(n7)
Advocacy coalitions, 42, 58, 63
Agenda setter, 145, 159-160, 169 (n12)
Aggregation, 16, 52-54, 80, 185, 195
and autodynamic coordination, 53-54
and individual choice, 54
and micro-macro link, 53-54, 68(n12) and threshold effects, 53-54
See also Composite actor
Agreement
exchange, 117, 136, 150(n26)
joint production, 117
reaching, 118-120
See also Negotiated agreements; Nonagreement point
Almond, 163
Anarchic fields, 17, 46, 47, 97
international system as, 98
negotiations in, 135-136
as nonstructure, 98
Anticipation, 10, 99-100, 109, 186, 200
ASD. See Actor-systems dynamics
Associations, 46-47,56,67(n6),114(n1), 147
capacity of, 201
employers', 238(n7)
voluntary, 202-203

-305-

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Games Real Actors Play: Actor-Centered Institutionalism in Policy Research
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page v
  • Contents ix
  • Tables and Figures xi
  • Acknowledgments xv
  • Introduction 1
  • Notes 18
  • 1 - Policy Research in the Face of Complexity 19
  • Notes 34
  • 2 - Actor-Centered Institutionalism 36
  • Notes 49
  • 3 - Actors 51
  • Notes 67
  • 4 - Actor Constellations 69
  • Notes 93
  • 5 - Unilateral Action in Anarchic Fields and Minimal Institutions 97
  • Notes 114
  • 6 - Negotiated Agreements 116
  • Notes 147
  • 7 - Decisions by Majority Vote 151
  • Notes 168
  • 8 - Hierarchical Direction 171
  • Notes 193
  • 9 - Varieties of the Negotiating State 195
  • Notes 214
  • Appendix 1 - A Game-Theoretical Interpretation of Inflation and Unemployment in Western Europe 217
  • Notes 237
  • References 240
  • Appendix 2 - Efficient Self-Coordination in Policy Networks -- a Simulation Study 245
  • Notes 273
  • References 276
  • References 281
  • About the Book and Author 303
  • Index 305
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