Britain and the United States in the Caribbean: A Comparative Study in Methods of Development

By Mary Proudfoot | Go to book overview

Chapter XI
EDUCATION

1. THE BACKGROUND

The educational standard of the rank and file of the people in both groups of dependencies is very low as compared with that obtaining in the United Kingdom or the United States, although there has for many generations been a small intellectual élite, attending private schools in the area, and going on to universities in the metropolitan countries. Children from this group in the B.W.I. complete their education in the United Kingdom or Canada. Up till the time of the Spanish civil war it was customary for upper class Puerto Rican families to send their children to complete their education in Spain. After the American occupation in 1898, middle class and professional families sent their children to boarding schools and universities in the United States.


(a) ILLITERACY

The illiteracy rate, although it is everywhere falling,1 is very

____________________
1
Census of Jamaica, 1943, p. lvi:
186168·7 per cent illiterate
187165·0 " " "
188154·3 " " "
189147·5 " " "
191137·7 " " "
192139·1 " " "
194329·3 " " "

It may be noted, however, that the Annual Report of the Jamaican Department of Education for 1938 stated that 50 per cent of the population was then illiterate.

In Trinidad, the record in 1931 showed that 43 per cent of the population was illiterate; by 1946 the number of illiterates had fallen to 22·5. 1946 Census of Trinidad and Tobago, p. xlvi.

Puerto Rican census records are as follows:

189983·2 per cent illiterate
191070·7 " " "
192059·1 " " "
193045·7 " " "
193538·5 " " "
194035·3 " " "

The borderline between literacy and illiteracy is notoriously difficult to draw,

-281-

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Britain and the United States in the Caribbean: A Comparative Study in Methods of Development
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page v
  • Editor's Introduction vii
  • Author's Preface x
  • Contents xiv
  • List of Tables xx
  • Chapter I - Introductory 1
  • Chapter II - The Constitutional Relationship 10
  • Chapter III - The Economic Relationship 38
  • Chapter IV - The Structure of Society 65
  • Chapter V - The Central Government 97
  • Chapter VI - The Local Government 134
  • 3. Conclusions 151
  • Chapter VII - Political Life 153
  • Chapter VIII - Economic Life 178
  • Chapter IX - Labour 222
  • Chapter X - Social Life 243
  • Chapter XI - Education 281
  • 7. Conclusions 305
  • Chapter XII - Population Problems 307
  • Chapter XIII - The Possibilities of Federation For The British West Indies 330
  • Chapter XIV - The Alternatives for the American Dependencies 350
  • Chapter XV - General Conclusions 359
  • Abbreviations 362
  • Abbreviated References 363
  • Index 419
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