EGYPT'S educational system has a considerably longer
history than that of any other country studied in this survey. Whereas the
other Arab countries of the Near East made a fairly complete break with
the educational policies of the Ottoman Turks and started afresh after World War I, the Egyptian educational system in general dates back more
than a century, while the religious system represented by the University
of al-Azhar and its associated schools goes back a thousand or more years.The complexity which its long history has given the Egyptian system
makes the systems of the other countries appear comparatively simple. In Egypt in the course of the last century, new circumstances, ideas, and needs
intermittently produced new types of schools, educational legislation, and
ever-newer experiments with educational organization. While some of these
innovations were ephemeral, many left a permanent impress on the educational system, with the result that Egypt today has a multiplicity of types
of schools--some having their roots in ancient and medieval times, some
being modern and westernized--a multiplicity of laws affecting schools,
and an exceedingly complex administrative organization.There are seven principal agencies concerned with education in Egypt:
ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION
OF THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
|1. ||Most important is the Ministry of Education, which administers and
finances a major portion of the public educational program of the country,
aids and exercises technical control over another significant part, and supervises all private and foreign schools.|
|2. ||The Ministry of Interior, operating through the provincial councils,
conducts the councils' elementary schools of the provinces.|
|3. ||The ancient Muslim system of education is administered by the time-
honored University of al-Azhar, with its colleges in Cairo and its secondary
and primary schools in Cairo and other cities.|
|4. ||The Ministry of Waqf (the department of the national government
which supervises religious endowments) maintains a number of elementary
schools, which are administered and supervised by the Ministry of Education.|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Education in Arab Countries of the Near East: Egypt, Iraq, Palestine, Transjordan, Syria, Lebanon.
Contributors: Roderic D. Matthews - Author, Matta Akrawi - Author.
Publisher: American Council on Education.
Place of publication: Washington, DC.
Publication year: 1949.
Page number: 3.
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