NOTES TO PART ONE

INTRODUCTION
1.

Erwin Panofsky, Abbot Suger ( Princeton, 1946), 144. The Ordinatio of 1140 or 1141 already contains a few notes about the building of St Denis.

p. I

2.
G. S. Colin, "'Origine arabe du mot français ogive'", in Romania, LXIII ( 1937), 377; see also L. Torres Balbás in Al-Andalus, VIII ( 1943), 475.
3.

T. Asby, "'The Classical Topography of the Roman Campagna'", in Papers of the British School of Rome, IV ( 1907), 97. Here the whole group of ruins is illustrated. See especially the chamber 'ee' in the plan on plate VIII. Cf. also G. T. Rivoira, Architettura romana ( Milan, 1921), 178.

p. 2

4.
Jules Formigé, "'Notes sur des voûtes romaines nervées à Arles'", in B.M., LXXVII ( 1913), 126, where the plan is misleading. In projection the crypto-ribs do not form two parallel lines, since the arches begin in the form of groins and change smoothly and continuously into ribs. See also Jeanne de Flandreysy and Étienne Mellier, Arles et l'abbaye de Montmajour ( Marseilles, 1922), figure 72 ff. to 81.
5.
It is believed that the so-called Baths of Diana at Arles contained an early example of a tunnelvault with transverse arches. Several later examples exist in Romanesque buildings.
6.
The history of research into Lombard architecture is given in the introduction to A. Kingsley Porter , Lombard Architecture ( New Haven, 1915). The dates which he gives for rib-vaults are, however, untenable. Cf. Paul Frankl, Die frühmittelalterliche und romanische Baukunst (Wildpark-Potsdam, 1926), 119 ff. and 197 ff. See also below, Note 66 to Chapter 2.
7.

John Bilson, "'The Beginnings of Gothic Architecture, etc.'", Journal of the Royal Institute of British Architects ( 1899, 1902); "'Durham Cathedral, The Chronology of its Vaults'", in The Archaeological Journal, LXXIX ( 1922), 101.

p. 3

8.
This is why large pieces of vault often project in Roman ruins, or lie on the ground in huge blocks.
9.

Sigurd Curman and Johnny Roosval, Sveriges Kyrkor, II, Gotland ( Stockholm, 1935), 95 (illustration) and 114.

p. 4

10.
The theory that wood was introduced because it became cheaper is connected with the belief that the first ribs were built in Lombardy, where there is supposed to have been a shortage of wood. However, the cross rib-vault does not come from Lombardy and the forests in this country probably did not disappear until later centuries.
11.

Auguste Choisy, L'art de bâtir chez les Romains ( Paris, 1873), 73-5.

p. 5

12.

The first man to recognize this was probably James Essex ( 1723-84), whose notes are preserved in the British Museum in London. The first man to publish this observation in print was George Saunders in "'Observations on the Origin of Gothic Architecture'" (a lecture read in 1811), in Archaeologia, XVII ( 1814), 15.

p. 6

13.

The Romanesque crypt of Canterbury Cathedral contains many groin-vaults with double- curved and irregular groins.

p. 7

14.
G. Ungewitter and K. Mohrmann, Lehrbuch der gotischen Konstruktionen, II ( Leipzig, 1890), 10. With reference to what follows, cf. Mohrmann whole chapter, pp. 8-18, and his plate III.
15.
This kind of elliptical wall arch can be seen in the choir of the church of the Trinité at Caen.
16.

Victor Mortet, "'L'expertise de la cathédrale de Chartres en 1316'", C.A., LXVII ( 1901), 323; Frankl, The Gothic, 57 ff.

p. 8

17.

George Saunders, loc. cit. (Note 12, above.)

p. 9

18.

Illustrations of these vaults and many others can be found in Marcel Aubert, Croisées d'ogives, extrait, 19, 41, 45, etc.

p. 13


CHAPTER 1
1.

John Bilson, loc. cit. (Note 7 to Introduction.)

p. 15

2.

Ernst Gall, "'Neue Beiträge zur Geschichte vom Werden der Gotik'", in Monatshefte für Kunstwissenschaft, IV ( 1911), 309.

p. 16

3.
Charles H. Moore, "'The Aisle Vaults of Winchester Transept'", in The Architectural Journal, XXIII ( 1916), 313.

-274-

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Gothic Architecture
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Figures vii
  • List of Plates ix
  • Foreword xv
  • Part One - The History of Gothic Architecture 1
  • Introduction 1
  • Chapter 1 - The Transition 15
  • Chapter 2 - The Early Gothic Period 34
  • Chapter 3 - The High Gothic Style, 1194-1300 79
  • Chapter 4 - The Late Gothic Style 146
  • Part Two - The General Problems of the Gothic Style 217
  • List of the Principal Abbreviations 271
  • Notes to the Foreword 273
  • Notes to Part One 274
  • Notes to Part Two 293
  • Bibliography 297
  • The Plates 301
  • Index 303
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