THE AGRARIAN SCHEME
BOTH from the point of view of fundamental importance in the national economy of Russia, and from that of the difficulties encountered, the agrarian problem is the most serious that Communism has to solve in its work of organization. And it is only natural that to-day the Soviet leaders can show least in the way of actual achievement in the work of organizing agricultural production and devising an agrarian scheme that would be both Communistic and efficient from the viewpoint of productivity.
Here, as elsewhere, at least two important stages have already been passed through in the course of the existence of the Soviet régime. The first stage carried the Soviet régime through the year 1918; the second began early in 1919 and is still the stage in which the problem is to-day.
Just as the Soviet régime found it impossible to apply to the work of distribution the same methods that. it had applied to the reorganization of industrial production, so it found that neither of those methods of approach were feasible when dealing with the agrarian problem. In industrial production there was already a fair degree of concentration of effort and control. Nationalization, applied directly, was possible there.