Moisey A. Markov. Pavlichenko had long been involved with
disarmament issues and was among the activists of the Pugwash
Thus, November 1969 saw the beginning of the
Soviet-American strategic arms talks in Helsinki, Finland. The
main task that confronted the Soviet Delegation during the first
round of talks was to clarify and analyze the position of the
American Side. From the very start, the Soviet Side advanced
its position: forward-based nuclear systems had to be included
into the American-Soviet balance; British and French nuclear
weapons also had to be taken into account. China was not
mentioned in that context, but the Soviet leadership implied that
at the end of the talks, the USSR would require a certain
"reserve" to account for the Chinese forces as well.
The Delegation was also told to speak as little as
possible about the force structure, numbers, or quality of Soviet
arms. There was some concern that the Americans could use the
talks to acquire additional information about the number of
Soviet strategic arms and their state of readiness. Among other
things, this concern was prompted by the hope, as expressed by
the Soviet Side, simply "to retain whatever we could."
In this book, Soviet missile systems will be identified by
their Western designator and Soviet negotiations designator. The sole
exception is the SS-9 which pre-dated the development of negotiations
designators by the Soviet Side. U.S. Ed.
The United States insisted that the latter was a new
missile, prohibited as a second new ICBM under the Strategic Arms
Limitations Talks (SALT), rather than a modification of an existing
missile. U.S. Ed.
For its day, the SS-9 was truly a heavy ICBM, and it
became the basis for development of the later SS-18, which was, in
point of fact, the only Soviet missile defined (by SALT II) as a "heavy
ICBM." U.S. Ed.
Although, in the early to mid- 1960s, Nikita S. Khrushchev
and Marshal of the Soviet Union (MSU) Rodion Ya. Malinovskiy
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Big Five:Arms Control Decision-Making in the Soviet Union.
Contributors: Aleksandr' G. Savel'Yev - Author, Nikolay N. Detinov - Author, Dmitriy Trenin - Translator, Gregory Varhall - Editor.
Publisher: Praeger Publishers.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 1995.
Page number: 13.
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