The Big Five: Arms Control Decision-Making in the Soviet Union

By Aleksandr' G. Savel'Yev; Nikolay N. Detinov et al. | Go to book overview

2
The Politburo Commission for the Supervision of the Negotiations

Even as the date for the opening of the SALT I talks drew near, the Soviet Union still lacked a mechanism for the rapid implementation of decisions on arms control and disarmament issues. All the documents necessary to support the talks were still prepared exclusively by the Ministries of Defense and Foreign Affairs. This was at the direction of the Politburo, which routinely demanded proposals on certain issues by set deadlines. Thus, all initiatives came from the top down, rather than from the bottom up.

Within the Foreign Ministry, negotiations activities were initially tackled by the International Organizations Department (OMO) headed by Kirill N. Novikov. (After the second round of SALT I had concluded, however, this task was transferred to Georgiy Korniyenko, who had just returned from Vienna. By the time this decision was taken, however, Korniyenko had been appointed head of the "United States desk." As a result, all negotiations-related papers were transferred from OMO proper to Korniyenko's desk; eventually, his department dealt with all Soviet-American talks.) At the Defense Ministry, the Main Operational Administration (GOU) of the General Staff of the Soviet Army was responsible for both the preparations for, and conduct of, negotiations. There, then, General Nikolay V. Ogarkov, First Deputy Chief of the General

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The Big Five: Arms Control Decision-Making in the Soviet Union
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Abbreviations and Acronyms vii
  • Foreword xi
  • Acknowledgments xv
  • 1- The Historical Background 1
  • Notes 13
  • 2- The Politburo Commission For The Supervision of The Negotiations 15
  • Notes 30
  • 3- The Big Five and The Small Five 31
  • Note 42
  • 4 - The Salt II Talks: The Decision-Making Mechanism in Action 43
  • Notes 53
  • 5- "Euromissiles" and The Principle of Equal Security 55
  • Notes 68
  • 6- The Start Negotiations And the Final Period Of Superpower Confrontation 71
  • Notes 80
  • 7- The Return to The Negotiations: the Prelude To Perestroyka 83
  • Notes 94
  • 8- The Krasnoyarsk Affair 95
  • Notes 109
  • 9- Perestroyka and the Further Refinement of The Decision-Making Mechanism 111
  • Note 122
  • 10- Medium-Range Nuclear Weapons Negotiations: Was the "Zero Option" Really So Bad? 123
  • Notes 139
  • 11- The Start Treaty: Who Made Concessions to Whom? 141
  • Note 150
  • 12- The Difficult Path to The Start Treaty 151
  • 13- Defense and Space Issues: A Field for Future Negotiations? 163
  • Notes 182
  • 14- The Big Five: from Its Birth To Its Death 183
  • Note 192
  • 15- Reflections 193
  • Index 195
  • About the Authors and Editor 205
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