The Big Five: Arms Control Decision-Making in the Soviet Union

By Aleksandr' G. Savel'Yev; Nikolay N. Detinov et al. | Go to book overview

5
"Euromissiles" and the
Principle of Equal Security

The SALT II agreement established rough equality--or parity, in the Western vernacular--between the Soviet Union and the United States in the field of strategic offensive arms. The Soviet Side, however, had, from its point of view, failed in its attempt to incorporate in the treaty a fundamental principle it had defended throughout the negotiations, specifically, what it referred to as "Equal Security," meaning a balance between the Soviet Union and the United States in weapons capable of reaching the territory of the other, with compensation for British and French systems. That principle demanded taking into account all factors that influenced the strategic situation in the Soviet-American--or more precisely, the Soviet-NATO--nuclear balance.

This failure, coming as it did in the context of the world outcry against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the refusal by the United States Congress to ratify the SALT II Treaty, and the ever increasing likelihood of an American intermediate-range nuclear force (INF) deployment in Europe, stimulated Soviet "disarmament" activities. The two main goals for the Soviet Side were to prevent "Euromissiles"--U.S. missiles deployed in Europe--from being deployed in the territory of NATO countries and to prove to the West and make it accept the Soviet principle of "Equal Security." To reach this goal, the Soviet

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The Big Five: Arms Control Decision-Making in the Soviet Union
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Abbreviations and Acronyms vii
  • Foreword xi
  • Acknowledgments xv
  • 1- The Historical Background 1
  • Notes 13
  • 2- The Politburo Commission For The Supervision of The Negotiations 15
  • Notes 30
  • 3- The Big Five and The Small Five 31
  • Note 42
  • 4 - The Salt II Talks: The Decision-Making Mechanism in Action 43
  • Notes 53
  • 5- "Euromissiles" and The Principle of Equal Security 55
  • Notes 68
  • 6- The Start Negotiations And the Final Period Of Superpower Confrontation 71
  • Notes 80
  • 7- The Return to The Negotiations: the Prelude To Perestroyka 83
  • Notes 94
  • 8- The Krasnoyarsk Affair 95
  • Notes 109
  • 9- Perestroyka and the Further Refinement of The Decision-Making Mechanism 111
  • Note 122
  • 10- Medium-Range Nuclear Weapons Negotiations: Was the "Zero Option" Really So Bad? 123
  • Notes 139
  • 11- The Start Treaty: Who Made Concessions to Whom? 141
  • Note 150
  • 12- The Difficult Path to The Start Treaty 151
  • 13- Defense and Space Issues: A Field for Future Negotiations? 163
  • Notes 182
  • 14- The Big Five: from Its Birth To Its Death 183
  • Note 192
  • 15- Reflections 193
  • Index 195
  • About the Authors and Editor 205
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