for the negotiations. Finally, joint wording was worked out,
although it still failed to give a clear understanding of how the
negotiations would proceed. Thus, the negotiations that finally
began started with different approaches by the parties as to their
form. All that happened later on--in 1985. For the time being,
during the period between 1983 and 1985, a long hiatus
interrupted the process of arms control negotiations.
By these moves, the Soviet Side sought to codify two of
the three bans included in the Protocol to the unratified SALT II
Treaty. The third--not included in the Soviet proposal--was a ban on
mobile missiles. U.S. Ed.
At that time, these ideas had no specific definitions,
although they probably would have approximated the position later
presented by the American Side in the Defense and Space Talks (DST)
in the late-1980s. At this point, however, these were purely abstract
ideas which had not received careful consideration by the Soviet Side.
The Soviet count was based on taking the 200 or so active
B-52s and adding the roughly 400 aircraft the Soviets held were in
storage at the "boneyard" at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona
(where the U.S. Air Force parks and stores obsolete and obsolescent
aircraft pending scrapping, sale, or cannibalization for parts). In the
Soviet view, these bombers had not been eliminated in accordance
with the mutually agreed procedures in SALT II and, thus, by Soviet
logic, they should be included in the count. U.S. Ed.
The sides differed even on the names of the three
negotiations. What are consistently referred to as "medium-range"
missiles in this book were referred to as "intermediate-range" by the
American Side. A much more important basic and philosophical
difference revolved around the third negotiation, that on "space
weapons," in the Soviet formulation. As we will see, the Soviet Side
used this formulation to cast the American Strategic Defense Initiative
in an offensive context and to attempt to bring in "space-to-earth
weapons" (although weapons of mass destruction in this category were
already covered by the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Big Five:Arms Control Decision-Making in the Soviet Union.
Contributors: Aleksandr' G. Savel'Yev - Author, Nikolay N. Detinov - Author, Dmitriy Trenin - Translator, Gregory Varhall - Editor.
Publisher: Praeger Publishers.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 1995.
Page number: 80.
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