The Big Five: Arms Control Decision-Making in the Soviet Union

By Aleksandr' G. Savel'Yev; Nikolay N. Detinov et al. | Go to book overview
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for the negotiations. Finally, joint wording was worked out, although it still failed to give a clear understanding of how the negotiations would proceed. Thus, the negotiations that finally began started with different approaches by the parties as to their form. All that happened later on--in 1985. For the time being, during the period between 1983 and 1985, a long hiatus interrupted the process of arms control negotiations.

By these moves, the Soviet Side sought to codify two of the three bans included in the Protocol to the unratified SALT II Treaty. The third--not included in the Soviet proposal--was a ban on mobile missiles. U.S. Ed.
At that time, these ideas had no specific definitions, although they probably would have approximated the position later presented by the American Side in the Defense and Space Talks (DST) in the late-1980s. At this point, however, these were purely abstract ideas which had not received careful consideration by the Soviet Side. U.S. Ed.
The Soviet count was based on taking the 200 or so active B-52s and adding the roughly 400 aircraft the Soviets held were in storage at the "boneyard" at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona (where the U.S. Air Force parks and stores obsolete and obsolescent aircraft pending scrapping, sale, or cannibalization for parts). In the Soviet view, these bombers had not been eliminated in accordance with the mutually agreed procedures in SALT II and, thus, by Soviet logic, they should be included in the count. U.S. Ed.
The sides differed even on the names of the three negotiations. What are consistently referred to as "medium-range" missiles in this book were referred to as "intermediate-range" by the American Side. A much more important basic and philosophical difference revolved around the third negotiation, that on "space weapons," in the Soviet formulation. As we will see, the Soviet Side used this formulation to cast the American Strategic Defense Initiative in an offensive context and to attempt to bring in "space-to-earth weapons" (although weapons of mass destruction in this category were already covered by the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities


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The Big Five: Arms Control Decision-Making in the Soviet Union


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