Nations without States: A Historical Dictionary of Contemporary National Movements

By James Minahan | Go to book overview

NATIONS WITHOUT STATES
A Historical Dictionary Of Contemporary National Movements

James Minahan Foreword by Leonard W. Doob

GP

Greenwood Press Westport, Connecticut · London

-iii-

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Nations without States: A Historical Dictionary of Contemporary National Movements
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword xiii
  • Preface xv
  • Introduction xxi
  • Abkhazia Apsny; Abkhazskaya 1
  • Selected Bibliography: 3
  • Aceh Achin; Atchin; Atjeh 4
  • Selected Bibliography: 6
  • Adal Dankalia; Dancalia; Danakilia 7
  • Selected Bibliography: 9
  • Ajaristan Adjaria; Adzharistan; Adzharia 10
  • Selected Bibliography: 12
  • Aland - Åland; Ålandöerna; Ahvenanmaa; Aland Islands 13
  • Selected Bibliography: 15
  • Alsace - Alsace-Lorraine; Elsass-Lotharingen 16
  • Selected Bibliography: 18
  • Altai-Khakassia - Altay-Khakass, Altai and Khakassia 19
  • Selected Bibliography: 21
  • Ankole Ankole-Kigezi 22
  • Antioquia 25
  • Arabistan Arabestan; Ahvaz; Khuzestan 28
  • Arakan Rakhine 31
  • Selected Bibliography: 33
  • Araucania Mapu 34
  • Selected Bibliography: 37
  • Artsakh Nagorno-Karabakh; Eastern Armenia 38
  • Selected Bibliography: 40
  • Ashantiland 41
  • Selected Bibliography: 43
  • Assam - Asom 44
  • Selected Bibliography: 46
  • Assyria 47
  • Selected Bibliography: 50
  • Azawad - Azaouad, Eastern Sahara 51
  • Selected Bibliography: 53
  • Azores - Açores 54
  • Selected Bibliography: 56
  • Baluchistan - Baloochistan; Balochistan 57
  • Selected Bibliography: 59
  • Bamilekeland 60
  • Selected Bibliography: 62
  • Bangska Moro Bangsa Moro 63
  • Selected Bibliography: 65
  • Barotseland Zambezia 66
  • Selected Bibliography: 68
  • Bashkortostan Bashkurdistan; Bashkiria; Baškyrstan 69
  • Selected Bibliography: 71
  • Bavaria Bayem 72
  • Selected Bibliography: 74
  • Benin Great Benin; Bendel; Edoland; Midwest Nigeria 75
  • Selected Bibliography: 77
  • Biafra Eastern Nigeria; Iboland 78
  • Selected Bibliography: 80
  • Bioko - Eri; Fernando Póo 81
  • Selected Bibliography: 83
  • Brittany - Breizh; Bretagne 84
  • Selected Bibliography: 86
  • Buganda 87
  • Selected Bibliography: 89
  • Bunyoro Bunyoro-Kitara 90
  • Selected Bibliography: 92
  • Buryatia Buryat Ulus; Buryat Mongolia 93
  • Selected Bibliography: 95
  • Cabinda Kabinda 96
  • Selected Bibliography: 98
  • Calabar Kalabar 99
  • Selected Bibliography: 101
  • Canary Islands Islas Canarias 102
  • Selected Bibliography: 104
  • Carpatho-Ukraine Ruthenia; Transcarpathia; Subcarpathian Ruthenia; Zakarapattia 105
  • Selected Bibliography: 107
  • Casamance 108
  • Selected Bibliography: 110
  • Catalonia - Catalunya; Cataluña; Països Catalans 111
  • Selected Bibliography: 114
  • Champa 115
  • Chavashia - Chävash + ́ Jell; Chuvashia; Chavashistan 118
  • Selected Bibliography: 120
  • Chechenia Nokhchyïchuo; Chechnya 121
  • Chukotka Chukotsky; Chukchi 124
  • Selected Bibliography: 126
  • Circassia Adygeny; Kerberdï; Cherkesiya; North Caucasia 127
  • Selected Bibliography: 130
  • Cornwall Kernow; Cornwall and the Isles Of Scilly 131
  • Selected Bibliography: 133
  • Corsica Corsu; Corce; Corse 134
  • Selected Bibliography: 136
  • Crimea Krym; Krim 137
  • Selected Bibliography: 140
  • Dagestan Daghestan 141
  • Selected Bibliography: 143
  • Darfur Dar Fur 144
  • Selected Bibliography: 146
  • Dhofar Dhufar; Zhufar; Dofar 147
  • Dinetah Dine Bikeyah 150
  • Selected Bibliography: 152
  • Dniestria Transdniestria; Podniestrskaya Moldova; Transdniestr Moldova 153
  • Selected Bibliography: 155
  • Don 156
  • Selected Bibliography: 158
  • Eastern Mongolia Khingan; Mongoll Zizhiqu 159
  • Selected Bibliography: 161
  • East Timor - Timur L'Este; Loro Sae 162
  • Selected Bibliography: 164
  • East Turkestan - Uigharstan; Uigherstan; Sinkiang; Xinjiang-Uijgur 165
  • Selected Bibliography: 167
  • Euzkadi - Euskadi; Pais Vasco; Pays Basque; Euskal Herria 168
  • Selected Bibliography: 170
  • Faeroe Islands Fürøyar; Faerøerne 171
  • Selected Bibliography: 173
  • Far East Dalni Vostochny 174
  • Selected Bibliography: 177
  • Flanders Vlanderen; Vlaanderen; Flandre 178
  • Selected Bibliography: 180
  • Friesland Fryslân; Frisia; Vriesland 181
  • Selected Bibliography: 183
  • Friulia - Friuli; Friûil 184
  • Selected Bibliography: 186
  • Gagauzia - Gagauz Khalki 187
  • Selected Bibliography: 189
  • Galicia - Galiza 190
  • Selected Bibliography. 192
  • Geralia - Pampas; Southern Brazil 193
  • Selected Bibliography: 195
  • Gibraltar - Calpe 196
  • Selected Bibliography: 198
  • Gilan - Ghilan; Guilan 199
  • Selected Bibliography: 201
  • Gorkhaland Gurkhaland 202
  • Selected Bibliography: 204
  • Grischun Graubünden; Grisons; Rhaetia 205
  • Selected Bibliography: 207
  • Guadeloupe 208
  • Selected Bibliography: 210
  • Guiana - Guyane; French Guiana 211
  • Selected Bibliography: 213
  • Haida Gwaii - Haada Gwaii; Haida Nation 214
  • Selected Bibliography: 216
  • Hasava - Nenets-Dolgan 217
  • Selected Bibliography: 219
  • Haudenosaunee - Iroquois Confederation 220
  • Selected Bibliography: 222
  • Hausa Hausaland; Hausa Bakwai; Northern Nigeria 223
  • Selected Bibliography: 225
  • Hawaii Hawai'I 226
  • Selected Bibliography: 228
  • Hejaz Hijaz 229
  • Selected Bibliography: 231
  • Ho'Aido Kurile Islands; Kuril Islands; Chishima Rettō 232
  • Honsawatoi Mon; Hamsavati; Sheldrake Country 235
  • Selected Bibliography: 237
  • Ingria Inkeri; Ingriya; North Ingermanland 238
  • Selected Bibliography: 240
  • Ingushetia Galgai; Ingushia: Ingushya 241
  • Selected Bibliography: 243
  • Istria Istra 244
  • Selected Bibliography: 246
  • Jebel Ed Druze Jabal Ad Duruz; Druzistan 247
  • Selected Bibliography: 249
  • Jharkhand Forest Land; Jungle Country 250
  • Selected Bibliography: 252
  • Kabylia Kabylie 253
  • Selected Bibliography: 255
  • Kachinland Kachin 256
  • Selected Bibliography: 258
  • Kaderia Chittagong Hill Tracts 259
  • Selected Bibliography: 261
  • Kalaallit-Nunaat Kalatdlit-Nunat; Greenland; Grønland 262
  • Selected Bibliography: 264
  • Kalmykia Khal'Mg Tangch 265
  • Selected Bibliography: 267
  • Kanaki Nouvelle-Calédonie; New Caledonia; Kanaky; Kanakia 268
  • Selected Bibliography: 270
  • Kanowra Kanem-Bornu; Borno 271
  • Selected Bibliography: 273
  • Karachai-Balkaria Karachay-Malkar; Karachaistan And Balkarstan 274
  • Selected Bibliography: 276
  • Karakalpakstan Karakalpakistan; Kara-Kalpakstan; Karakalpakia 277
  • Selected Bibliography: 279
  • Karelia Karjala; Karlya; Carelia 280
  • Selected Bibliography: 282
  • Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir 283
  • Selected Bibliography: 285
  • Katanga Shaba 286
  • Selected Bibliography: 288
  • Kawthoolei Kawthule; Karen 289
  • Selected Bibliography: 291
  • Kayah Karenni 292
  • Selected Bibliography: 294
  • Kerala Travancore-Cochin; Chera 295
  • Selected Bibliography: 297
  • Khalistan Punjab; Punjabi Suba 298
  • Selected Bibliography: 300
  • KÖnigsberg Kaliningrad; East Prussia 301
  • Selected Bibliography: 303
  • Koryakia Chav' Chüv 304
  • Selected Bibliography: 306
  • Kosovo Kosova 307
  • Selected Bibliography: 309
  • Kuban Krasnodar 310
  • Selected Bibliography: 312
  • Kurdistan Kurestan; Kordestan 313
  • Selected Bibliography: 315
  • Kwazulu-Natal Natal 316
  • Selected Bibliography: 318
  • Ladakh Ladak 319
  • Selected Bibliography: 321
  • Ladinia Patrje Ladine 322
  • Selected Bibliography: 324
  • Lakota Lakota Nation; Paha Sapa 325
  • Selected Bibliography: 327
  • Latakia Alawiya 328
  • Selected Bibliography: 330
  • Lombardy Lombardia 331
  • Selected Bibliography: 333
  • Lusatia LuziČka Serbja; Sorbia; Lausitz 334
  • Selected Bibliography: 336
  • Madeira Madeira Islands 337
  • Selected Bibliography: 339
  • Manchuria. Tung-Pei-Sheng (northeast Provinces) 340
  • Selected Bibliography: 343
  • Mannin Ellan Mannin; Ellan Vannin; Isle Of Man 344
  • Selected Bibliography: 346
  • Mari-El Marii El 347
  • Selected Bibliography: 349
  • Martinique Madiana 350
  • Selected Bibliography 352
  • Masailand Maasailand 353
  • Selected Bibliography: 355
  • Matabeleland Zambezia 356
  • Selected Bibliography: 358
  • Meghalaya 359
  • Selected Bibliography: 361
  • Meithei Laipak Manipur; Kuneipak 362
  • Selected Bibliography: 364
  • Meskhtekistan Meskhtekia 365
  • Selected Bibliography: 367
  • Mizoram Lushailand 368
  • Selected Bibliography: 370
  • Montenegro Crna Gora 371
  • Selected Bibliography: 373
  • Mordvinia Mordva; Mordovia 374
  • Selected Bibliography: 376
  • Mosquitia Moskitia; Mosquito Coast; Costa De Mosquitos 377
  • Selected Bibliography: 379
  • Mount Lebanon Jabal Liban; Phoenicia 380
  • Selected Bibliography: 382
  • Musikongo Musicongo; Kongo; Congo 383
  • Selected Bibliography: 385
  • Nagaland 386
  • Selected Bibliography: 388
  • Nan Chao Nan Zhao; Nanzhao 389
  • Selected Bibliography: 391
  • Newfoundland - Newfoundland and Labrador 392
  • Selected Bibliography: 394
  • Ningsia - Ningsia Hui; Ningxia Huizu 395
  • Selected Bibliography: 397
  • Nistassin - Ntesinan; Ntesian; Mistassin 398
  • Selected Bibliography: 400
  • Normandy Normandie; Normande 401
  • Selected Bibliography: 403
  • North Chad Muslim Chad; Islamic Republic Of North Chad; Tchad Du Nord 404
  • Selected Bibliography: 406
  • North Epirus Northern Epirus, Vorios Epiros; Vorios Ipiros; Epeiros 407
  • Selected Bibliography: 409
  • Northern Cyprus Kibris; Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus 410
  • Selected Bibliography: 412
  • North Solomons Bougainville 413
  • Selected Bibliography: 415
  • Northumbria North England; Northumberland 416
  • Selected Bibliography: 418
  • Nunavut Nunaavut; Tungavik Federation Of Nunavut 419
  • Selected Bibliography: 421
  • Occitania Occitanie; Pays D'Oc 422
  • Selected Bibliography: 424
  • Okinawa Ryuku Islands 425
  • Selected Bibliography: 427
  • Oromia Oromo 428
  • Selected Bibliography: 430
  • Ossetia - Iryston 431
  • Selected Bibliography: 433
  • Palestine Falastin 434
  • Selected Bibliography: 437
  • Paoh Pa-O; Paohland 438
  • Selected Bibliography: 440
  • Pattani Patani; Phatthalung; Islamic Republic Of Pattani 441
  • Selected Bibliography: 443
  • Piedmont Piemonte 444
  • Selected Bibliography: 446
  • Puerto Rico Borinquen 447
  • Selected Bibliography: 449
  • Pushtunistan Pakhtunistan; Pakhtoonistan 450
  • Selected Bibliography: 452
  • Quebec Québec 453
  • Selected Bibliography: 455
  • Rif Riff; Er Ref 456
  • Selected Bibliography: 458
  • Romande Romandie; Jura 459
  • Selected Bibliography: 461
  • Romanistan Romanestan 462
  • Selected Bibliography: 464
  • Sabah North Borneo; Minsupala Sabah 465
  • Selected Bibliography: 467
  • Sahrawi Western Sahara; Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic 468
  • Selected Bibliography: 470
  • Sakha Omuk Sakha; Yakutia 471
  • Selected Bibliography: 473
  • Sanjak Sandzak; Sandzhak; Novibazar; Novi Pazar 474
  • Selected Bibliography: 476
  • Santa Cruz 478
  • Selected Bibliography: 480
  • Sanwi - Sefwi 481
  • Selected Bibliography: 483
  • Sapmi - Sápmi; Sameanda; Sameadnam; Saamiland; Lapland; Lappland 484
  • Selected Bibliography: 486
  • Sarawak - North Kalimantan 487
  • Selected Bibliography: 489
  • Sardinia - Sardigna; Sardegna 490
  • Selected Bibliography: 492
  • Savoy Savoie (savoie and Vallée D'Aoste); Savoia (savoia and Valle D'Aosta) 493
  • Selected Bibliography: 495
  • Saxony Sachen; Saxonland 496
  • Scania Skåne 499
  • Selected Bibliography: 501
  • Scotland Alba; Scotia 502
  • Sequoyah Indian Territory 505
  • Selected Bibliography: 508
  • Shanland Shan State; Federated Shan States 509
  • Selected Bibliography: 511
  • Siberia Sibir 512
  • Selected Bibliography: 514
  • Sicily Sicilia 515
  • Selected Bibliography: 517
  • Sikkim Denjong 518
  • Selected Bibliography: 520
  • Sind Sindhu Desh 521
  • Selected Bibliography: 523
  • Somaliland Northern Somalia 524
  • Selected Bibliography: 526
  • Southern Mongolia Inner Mongolia. 527
  • Selected Bibliography: 529
  • Southern Sudan Imatong; New Sudan; Anyidi; Azania 530
  • Selected Bibliography: 532
  • South Kasai - Kasai; Lubaland 533
  • Selected Bibliography: 535
  • South Moluccas - Maluku Selantan 536
  • Selected Bibliography: 538
  • South Vietnam - Viet Nam Cong Hoa; Annam 539
  • Selected Bibliography: 541
  • South Yemen - Aden 542
  • Selected Bibliography: 544
  • Tahiti - Polynesia; Society Islands 545
  • Selected Bibliography: 547
  • Taiwan - Formosa 548
  • Selected Bibliography: 550
  • Tamil Eelam - Eelam 551
  • Selected Bibliography: 553
  • Tamil Nadu - Tamilnad 554
  • Selected Bibliography: 556
  • Tannu Tuva - Tuva Ulus; Touva; Urjanchai; Uryankhai 557
  • Selected Bibliography: 559
  • Atarstan - Tataria; Idel-Ural 560
  • Selected Bibliography: 562
  • Terek Stavropolye; Stavropol 563
  • Selected Bibliography: 565
  • Tibet Böd; Pö; Xizang 566
  • Selected Bibliography: 569
  • Tigre Tigray 570
  • Selected Bibliography: 572
  • Togoland Eweland 573
  • Selected Bibliography: 575
  • Toro Toroland; Ruwenzururu; Ruwenzuru 576
  • Selected Bibliography: 578
  • Transylvania Erdély; Ardeal; Transilvania 579
  • Selected Bibliography: 581
  • Trieste - Trst 582
  • Selected Bibliography: 584
  • Tripura - Tippera 585
  • Selected Bibliography: 587
  • Tyrol - Tirol; Tirolo 588
  • Selected Bibliography: 591
  • Udmurtia Votyakia; Votskaya 592
  • Selected Bibliography: 594
  • Uralia - Urals; Uralsk 595
  • Selected Bibliography: 597
  • Veneto - Venetia; Venezia 600
  • Volga Volga Germany 601
  • Selected Bibliography: 604
  • Wah Wa; Wa States 605
  • Selected Bibliography: 607
  • Waldensia Valli Valdesi; Waldensian Valleys 608
  • Selected Bibliography: 610
  • Wales Cymru 611
  • Selected Bibliography: 613
  • Wallonia Wallonie; Wallony; Walonia 614
  • Selected Bibliography: 616
  • Western Somalia Ogaden 617
  • Selected Bibliography: 619
  • Western Ukrainia Galicia; Halychnya 620
  • Selected Bibliography: 622
  • West Papua Irian Jaya; West Irian 623
  • Selected Bibliography: 625
  • Yorubaland Western Nigeria 626
  • Selected Bibliography: 628
  • Yucatan Mayaland 629
  • Selected Bibliography: 631
  • Zanzibar Zanzibar and Pemba 632
  • Selected Bibliography: 634
  • Zetland Shetland and Orkney Islands 636
  • Selected Bibliography: 638
  • Zoram Chin 639
  • Selected Bibliography: 641
  • Zyria Komi and Komi-Permyak 642
  • Selected Bibliography: 644
  • Appendix A- Declarations of Independence By Nonstate Nations Since 1890 645
  • Appendix B- Geographic Distribution And National Organizations Listed By Nation 651
  • Index 669
  • About the Author 693
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