|1700-1740||Various colonies pass immigration related "province laws."|
|1740||British Naturalization Law enacted to systematize naturalization|
procedures and encourage immigration to the American colonies.
It set a pattern followed by the colonies and later the United States
government after independence.
|1789||United States Constitution adopted. Article I, Section 8 empowers|
the Congress "To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization."
|1790||Among its first actions, the Congress established a uniform rule|
of naturalization, imposing a two-year residency for aliens who
are "free white persons" of good character.
|1802||Congress revises the Naturalization Act of 1790, specifying a five-|
year length of residency and renunciation of allegiance and fidel-
ity to foreign powers.
|1813||Congress reaffirms the five-year period for naturalization in the|
Five-Year Residence Act.
|1819||Congress passes an act requiring ship masters to deliver a mani-|
fest enumerating all aliens transported for immigration and re-
quiring the Secretary of State to annually inform Congress of the
number of immigrants who were admitted.
|1848||Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo signed guaranteeing U.S. citizen-|
ship to Mexicans remaining in the territory ceded by Mexico to
the United States.
|1855||Castle Garden becomes New York's principal point of entry.|
|1862||Congress enacts the Homestead Act, granting up to 160 acres of|
free land to settlers who develop the land and remain on it for
five years, spurring much immigration.