Political Africa: A Who's Who of Personalities and Parties

By Ronald Segal; Catherine Hoskyns et al. | Go to book overview

French Somaliland
AREA: 8,376 sq. milesPOPULATION: 55,000

SEE: Gouled, Hassan.


Parti de la Défense des Intérêts Economiques et Sociaux du Territoire (D.I.E.S.T.)

D.I.E.S.T. was formed by Hassan Gouled* , Somali Senator in the French Parliament, to contest the territorial elections of 1957 which were won by the Union Republicaine* led by Mahmoud Harbi. In the referendum of September 1958, which gave each country in French Black Africa the choice between complete independence, through a vote of non, and limited autonomy within the French Community, through a vote of oui, Harbi campaigned for a vote of non and Gouled for a oui vote. Encouraged by the French, Gouled was successful and, alone of all French territories, Somaliland chose to retain its status as an overseas territory rather than accept even the limited autonomy that membership of the Community would entail. D.I.E.S.T. became the governing party, and Gouled the Premier. Pressure for independence is, however, increasing, and Gouled has in the past few months suggested that he will try to negotiate for a status similar to that of the countries in the French Community.


Union Republicaine

Mahmoud Harbi, Prime Minister of French Somaliland, Vice-President of the Territorial Assembly, and Somali Deputy in the French Assembly, opposed Hassan Gouled* in the de Gaulle referendum of September 1958 and campaigned for a vote of non, or complete independence from France. Following closely on the formation of the Parti de la Défense des Intérêts Economiques et Sociaux du Territoire* (D.I.E.S.T.), led by Hassan Gouled, Harbi founded the Union Republicaine in order to campaign for independence and unification of the various Somali territories; but as a result of his defeat in the referendum, a motion of no confidence in his government was carried by the Territorial Assembly, and the Governor dissolved the House. Demonstrations against the dissolution ended in rioting and several casualties, the Union Republicaine was banned and its Executive imprisoned. Harbi fled to Cairo, and was killed in an air crash in November 1960.

In December five Executive Members were released from gaol by the French Authorities, but the party itself remains outlawed. It is, however, active underground, and maintains relations with the Greater Somali League* in the Somali Republic.

-411-

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Political Africa: A Who's Who of Personalities and Parties
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Books That Matter iv
  • Preface v
  • Ronald Michael Segal ix
  • Political Africa - Personalities xi
  • A 1
  • B 24
  • C 51
  • D 64
  • E 82
  • F 90
  • G 95
  • H 104
  • I 112
  • J 115
  • K 119
  • 1 152
  • M 165
  • N 200
  • O 217
  • P 228
  • R 230
  • S 236
  • T 258
  • V 271
  • W 277
  • Y 284
  • Z 287
  • Political Africa - Parties 289
  • Inter-Territorial Movements 291
  • Algeria 298
  • Angola 302
  • Basutoland 304
  • Bechuanaland 307
  • Cameroons (british) 309
  • Cameroun, Republic Of 312
  • Central African Republic 316
  • Republic of Congo 317
  • Congo Republic, The 319
  • Dahomey, Republic Of 327
  • Ethiopia 330
  • Gabon 331
  • Gambia 333
  • Ghana, Republic Of 335
  • Guinea, Republic Of 340
  • Ivory Coast 343
  • Kenya 346
  • Liberia 353
  • Libya 354
  • Malagasy Republic 357
  • Mali, Republic Of 361
  • Mauritania, Islamic Republic Of 364
  • Moçambique 366
  • Morocco 367
  • Niger, Republic Of 370
  • Nigeria, Federation Of 372
  • Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Federation Of 382
  • Portuguese Guinea 399
  • Ruanda -- Urundi 400
  • Senegal 405
  • Sierra Leone 408
  • French Somaliland 411
  • Somali Republic 412
  • South Africa, Union Of 415
  • South West Africa 439
  • Sudan 443
  • Swaziland 450
  • Tanganyika 451
  • Tchad 454
  • Togo, Republic Of 456
  • Tunisia 459
  • Uganda Protectorate 462
  • United Arab Republic 465
  • Upper Volta 471
  • Zanzibar 473
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