B Babois, Marguerite Victoire ( 1760-1839). She achieved literary fame with her
elegiac poems. In her first collection of poems, Elégies maternelles, she expressed her grief after the premature death of her daughter in 1792. Literary
critics were moved by the depth of her feelings and love for her daughter. She
also published another collection of poems, Elégies nationales, which were inspired by the turbulent history and politics of France in 1815. She received a
great deal of encouragement and numerous accolades from contemporary authors and poets such as Jean-François Ducis and Marie-Joseph Chénier. Juliette Parnell-Smith
| Elégies et poésies diverses de Marguerite Victoire Babois. 2 vols. Paris: Nepveu, 1838.|
| Elégies. Nice: Edition du Centaure, 1973.|
Badinter, Elisabeth ( 1944-). A philosopher and the first female professor at
the Ecole Polytechnique in Paris, Badinter is the author of numerous sociohistorical essays, some of which are published under the title L'Amour en plus
( 1980). In this work, she argues that it is not instinct but societal conditioning
that instills maternal love. Although she describes herself as a feminist, clearly
indebted to Simone de Beauvoir*, she acknowledges that militant feminists--
who see her as a privileged woman--question her commitment to their cause.
In her more recent works, L'Un est l'Autre ( 1986) and Qu'est-ce qu'une femme?
( 1989), she warns of the dangers for women of emphasizing gender-based differences--these differences may be used to maintain a patriarchal society in which
women are judged to be inferior. After working with her husband on a biography
of Condorcet, Badinter addressed the question of what defines a man in today's
society in X Y. De l'identité masculine ( 1992). Badinter's work proposes a
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Feminist Encyclopedia of French Literature.
Contributors: Eva Martin Sartori - Editor, Colette H. Winn - Editor, Perry Gethner - Editor, Samia I. Spencer - Editor, Juliette Parnell-Smith - Editor, Mary Rice-DeFosse - Editor, Susan Ireland - Editor, Patrice J. Proulx - Editor.
Publisher: Greenwood Press.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 1999.
Page number: 34.
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