C Calages, Marie Pech (or Puech) de ( 1630-1661). Writer. Born in the region
of Ancenis, the Pech family was forced to move to the Languedoc as the result
of a duel in which her father fought. As a young woman she showed a talent
for poetry* and submitted a number of entries to the Jeux Floraux of Toulouse,
for which she won several prizes. In 1649 she married Henri de Calages, an
educated person who possessed a taste for learning and a substantial library.
The couple shared an interest in writing, and both composed poetry, Henri's
favorite subject being the joys of family life, while the only surviving work of
Marie is the more public, epic poem Judith, ou la Délivrance de Béthulie, poème
saint, published in 1660 to honor the new queen of France, Marie-Thérèse. Both
Louis XIV and his bride were so impressed with Calages's work that they
accorded her a pension and named Calages, who was pregnant at the time, as
wet-nurse of their first child. Although there is no evidence that Calages knew
the poem Imitation de la victoire de Judich ( 1594) by
Gabrielle de Coignard*,
she does acknowledge her indebtedness to Du Bartas Judit ( 1574). She continued to work through her pregnancy, revising Judith and composing new work,
including a poem on the presentation of the Virgin in the Temple; both the
revision and the new work are lost. Marie died in childbirth on October 8, 1661. Hannah Fournier
| Judith, ou la Délivrance de Béthulie, poème saint dédié à la Reyne par Mademoiselle
de Calages. Toulouse: Par Arnaud Colomiez, 1660.|
| Lahondès, J. de. "Une Poétesse épique toulousaine." Revue des Pyrénées 15 ( 1903): 583-603.|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Feminist Encyclopedia of French Literature.
Contributors: Eva Martin Sartori - Editor, Colette H. Winn - Editor, Perry Gethner - Editor, Samia I. Spencer - Editor, Juliette Parnell-Smith - Editor, Mary Rice-DeFosse - Editor, Susan Ireland - Editor, Patrice J. Proulx - Editor.
Publisher: Greenwood Press.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 1999.
Page number: 72.
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