The Feminist Encyclopedia of French Literature

By Eva Martin Sartori; Colette H. Winn et al. | Go to book overview
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E
Eaubonne, Françoise d' ( 1920-). Essayist, novelist, poet, literary critic, and editor. Eaubonne has been active in the group Ecologie et féminisme since 1972 and in the militant feminist SOS Sexisme since 1988. Her work includes numerous essays on feminism*, mainly from the 1970s; in such texts as Le Féminisme: histoire et actualité ( 1972), Le Féminisme ou la mort ( 1974), and Les Femmes avant le patriarcat ( 1976), she finds possible models for new human relationships in social structures of the past in which women played influential roles. In Ecologie-Féminisme ( 1979), Eaubonne links the exploitation of women and that of the earth, stressing the need to prevent their further destruction and domination by phallocentric systems. She has also written a feminist utopian novel as well as essays and fiction on artists and public figures, including Verlaine and Rimbaud, Madame de Staël*, Simone de Beauvoir*, Qiu Jin, and Isabelle Eberhardt.With her frank, provocative style, Eaubonne uses literature as a weapon in the struggle to make humanity as a whole more equitable; men's freedom, she argues, depends on that of women. Although she fights against patriarchal interpretations of history, Eaubonne refuses to confine herself to a notion of gender- based writing.Metka Zupančič
BIBLIOGRAPHY

Primary Texts
Verlaine et Rimbaud. Paris: A. Michel, 1960.
Une Femme témoin de son siècle: Germaine de Staël. Paris: Flammarion, 1966.
Le Féminisme, histoire et actualité. Paris: A. Moreau, 1972.
Le Féminisme ou la mort. Paris: P. Horay, 1974.
Les Femmes avant le patriarcat. Paris: Payot, 1976.

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