The Feminist Encyclopedia of French Literature

By Eva Martin Sartori; Colette H. Winn et al. | Go to book overview

M

Maintenon, Françoise d'Aubigné, marquise de ( 1635-1719). Although she was the granddaughter of the famous Huguenot poet Agrippa d'Aubigné, she was born, and baptized Catholic, in a jail, the child of a disgraced father and an unaffectionate mother who would focus her care on her two sons. Following her family's journey to the Antilles in a failed attempt to seek fortune, and then her father's death, young Frangoise was left to the care of a beloved aunt who raised her in the Protestant faith. As a new wave of religious intolerance was rising from the court, she was coerced into an Ursuline convent* where she eventually embraced Catholicism. By the age of sixteen, she was in Paris, penniless and without social protection. Rather than joining a convent, as expected in her situation, Françoise consented to marry the poet Scarron, crippled and much older but a celebrity in the Parisian salons*. Amid this refined précieuse society, she acquired much of the social education necessary to her future advancement. In the years of poverty following Scarron's death in 1660, she endeavored to maintain a certain level of respectability, which was finally acknowledged when she became governess of Mme de Montespan's bastards with Louis XIV. The year 1669 marked the rise of her phenomenal public career, which culminated in 1683 with her legitimate, though secret, marriage* to the king of France. Although for the next forty years she would be associated with the miseries of his reign, she cannot be personally blamed for the king's political mistakes, such as religious persecution, especially the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, and international politics in general. She was pious and respectful of the Church's dogma. Consequently, she incurred the wrath of the courtiers with her customary devotion that censured their libertine inclinations. In fact, her extraordinary elevation made her an easy scapegoat for the monarchy's failures. Despite accusations of religious hypocrisy and monstrous ambition, she was probably a woman of strong principles with a sense of destiny at the side of the aging king. She used her privileged position to promote reforms within

-333-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Feminist Encyclopedia of French Literature
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 638

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.