The Press of the Young Republic, 1783-1833

By Carol Sue Humphrey | Go to book overview

NOTES
1.
Noble E. Cunningham, The Jeffersonian Republicans in Power: Party Operations, 1801-1809 ( Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press for the Institute of Early American History and Culture, Williamsburg, Va., 1963), 236; S. N. D. North, History and Present Conditions of the Newspaper and Periodical Press of the United States ( Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1884), 47.
2.
Bernard A. Weisberger, The American Newspaperman ( Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961), 66-68; Robert A. Rutland, Newsmongers: Journalism in the Life of the Nation, 1690-1972 ( New York: Dial Press, 1973), 125.
3.
Lawrence C. Wroth, The Colonial Printer ( Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1964), 79-80.
4.
Weisberger, American Newspaperman, 73; Alfred McClung Lee, The Daily Newspaper in America ( New York: Macmillan, 1937), 115-16.
5.
"Stereotyping," in American Dictionary of Printing and Bookmaking ( New York: Howard Lockwood, 1894), 527.
6.
David Paul Nord, "The Evangelical Origins of Mass Media in America, 1815-1835," Journalism Monographs 88 ( May 1984): 7-12. Religious organizations were some of the first to take advantage of these printing improvements in reaching a mass audience with religious tracts. However, newspapers and magazines soon followed, and the industry changed drastically.
7.
William J. Gilmore, Reading Becomes a Necessity of Life: Material and Cultural Life in Rural New England, 1780-1835 ( Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1989), 21-22; Richard D. Brown, Knowledge Is Power: The Diffusion of Information in Early America, 1700-1865 ( New York: Oxford University Press, 1989), 218; Rutland, Newsmongers, 124. In his study of Yankee farmers and their access to information, Richard Brown concluded that the growth of the economy influenced the desire to know, but was not necessarily the essential element. Knowledge of the outside world was not always needed to function on a day-to-day basis, but many rural farmers sought to know mom anyway, for masons that went beyond just economics. "Information and Insularity: The Experiences of Yankee Farmers, 1711-1830," in Brown, Knowledge Is Power, 132-59.
8.
In "The History of Literacy in America: An Introduction" (Paper presented at the White House Conference on Library Information Services. Reston, Va., 1-4 April 1979, ERIC, ED 176241, microfiche), Carl F. Kaestle reviewed several studies on literacy rates in the late 1700s. Using the capability of men to sign their names to wills, Kenneth Lockridge concluded that 90 percent of the men in New England and 68 percent of the men in Virginia and Pennsylvania were literate. Lee Soltow and Edward Stevens used army enlistment signatures, resulting in rates of 75 percent in New England and 50 to 60 percent in the South. Lawrence Cremin studied four cities ( New York, Philadelphia, Elizabeth City, Va., and Dedham, Mass.) and found rates of 82 to 97 percent for men and 67 to 78 percent for women. Ibid., 6-8. For further information, see Kenneth A. Lockridge, Literacy in Colonial New England ( New York: Norton, 1974); Lee Soltow and Edward Stevens, The Rise of Literacy and the Common School in the United States: A Socio-Economic Analysis to 1870 ( Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981); Lawrence A. Cremin, American Education: The Colonial Experience ( New York: Harper & Row, 1970).
9.
Brown, Knowledge Is Power, 11-12.
10.
Gilmore, Reading Becomes a Necessity of Life, 17-27; John C. Nerone, The Culture of the Press in the Early Republic: Cincinnati, 1793-1848 ( New York: Garland, 1989), 43.

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The Press of the Young Republic, 1783-1833
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Also Available in the History of American Journalism ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Copyright Acknowledgments v
  • Contents ix
  • Series Foreword xi
  • Preface xiii
  • Acknowledgments xv
  • 1 - A New Era Begins: The Confederation, 1783-1789 1
  • Notes 18
  • 2 - The Adoption of the Bill of Rights, 1789-1791 27
  • Notes 36
  • 3 - The First Political Party System, 1791-1800 41
  • 4 - The Challenge of the Sedition Act, 1798-1800 57
  • Notes 68
  • 5 - The Age of Jefferson, 1800-1808 71
  • Notes 81
  • 6 - The War of 1812 1809-1815 85
  • Notes 95
  • 7 - The Era of Good Feelings, 1815-1824 99
  • 8 - The Age of Jackson, 1824-1833 113
  • Notes 129
  • 9 - Changes in Journalism, 1800-1833 133
  • Notes 150
  • 10 - Reflections on the Press of the Young Republic 155
  • Note 160
  • Bibliographical Essay 161
  • Sources 167
  • Index 177
  • About the Author 183
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