to represent the interests of all the German people in international affairs. ( 171) In truth, Adenauer had abandoned his demand for free, all-German elections as the price for establishing diplomatic relations. ( 172) Throughout the deliberations, the Soviets emphasized development of mutually advantageous economic relations, leaving the question of reunification for the Germans to resolve. ( 173) A communique issued 13 September announced agreement of both governments to establish diplomatic relations, set up embassies, and exchange Ambassadors. ( 174)
Within days, Soviet and East German delegations met in Moscow to negotiate their first treaty on relations between the two countries. ( 175) The resulting agreement served to confirm the sovereignty of the GDR, which had been recognized by the Soviet Union in the March 1954 declaration, and to eliminate any appearance of a special relationship between Moscow and Bonn. Although it appeared to strengthen the GDR's position within the socialist bloc, it was more accurately a minimum stop necessary to proclaim the Soviet commitment to their ally. Negotiations had not been entered into until after the ratification of the Paris Treaty and after the Moscow-Bonn agreement. Furthermore, a treaty was imperative to formalize relations between the the USSR and the GDR on a level commensurate with relations between the Soviet Union and West Germany. These two treaties marked acceptance by Soviet policy of two German states.
The East German uprising forced a change in Kremlin policy to economic support and consolidation of the Ulbrtcht government. The Soviets needed to strengthen the GDR and, thereby, their own position in order to maintain their policy options in Germany. The circumstances for reunification had changed. The Kremlin could not advantageously enter into negotiations for the reunification of Germany from such as weakened position. Nor would the GDR be a useful member of the East bloc unless conditions improved significantly. Under prevailing conditions, East Germany would become an economic drain and/or a political fuse threatening the security and stability of East Europe. Renewed support for the Ulbricht faction of the SED appeared to be the major inconsistency in the political and
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Publication information: Book title: Soviet Policy toward East Germany Reconsidered:The Postwar Decade. Contributors: Ann L. Phillips - Author. Publisher: Greenwood Press. Place of publication: Westport, CT. Publication year: 1986. Page number: 180.
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